Educação permanente na gestão de resíduos em hospital universitário

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Introduction: The Healthcare Services Waste is a source of risk to the human health and the environment, specially, by the lack of technical knowledge adequate to the management of waste, such as biological materials, sharp objects, toxic and radioactive substances. Due to the increase of health problems regarding human beings, the issue of hospital waste in the world, has become alarming, and the problem is a major threat to the environment and occupational safety. The hospital waste, if disposed without proper treatment or without compliance with the current legislation, is dangerous to the people, health professionals and all those workers involved in the waste management process. Continuing education here is understood in a health context, involving the teaching throughout the service, in which the nursing staff must have skills and competencies related to the management of hospital waste. Objective: To discuss the relation of continuing education as a tool for the management of hospital waste. We sought to assess the knowledge of the nursing staff regarding hospital waste. Methodology: Exploratory, descriptive study, with qualitative, transversal approach. Data collection among 31 healthcare professionals, 11 nurses and 20 nursing technicians, held in a teaching hospital in the Midwest region of Brazil, through semi-structured interviews with open and closed questions. The collect of data took place from June to September 2015, after approval by the Research Ethics Committee in Human Beings UFG No. 1.093.310 of 05/29/2015, meeting the requirements of ethical and legal aspects of the Resolution No. 466/12, of the National Health Council. The interviews were inserted in the software database Atlas Ti7.0, which generated frequency data, percentage in the analyzed categories and subcategories and the semantic network. Results: The participants of this research were categorized regarding general aspects - gender, occupation, schooling degree – and specific aspects – major degree, period he/she has worked in that hospital. Regarding schooling degree, six finished High School and, besides the nurses, 14 graduated from college. Regarding major degree, 22.58% are post-graduated (28.57% of nursing technicians and 71.42% of nurses), 16.12% has Master’s degree (40% of nursing technicians and 60% of nurses) and 3.22% holds a PhD (one nurse). From the analysis of the contents obtained from interviews, emerged the following categories: waste training, knowledge of nursing professionals about the management of hospital waste, sharp objects accidents and the importance of waste management for the institution. Among the participants, 54.84% did not receive any training related to waste management, 38.71% were nursing technicians, and 16.13% were nurses. 51.6% of respondents believe they do not discardcorrectly the waste produced in their workplace, and 77.42% have witnessed an accident with waste management in the hospital under study. 93.55% of respondents consider important the GRSS (Management of Hospital Waste Program) for the institution. Conclusion: Major obstacles to the proper handling of hospital waste were the lack of information of respondents and the lack of adequate material resources for disposal. Thus, it is essential that continuing education and specific training should be offered to all health professionals, employees of the cleaning service and collection, to ensure the inherent understanding of the proper handling of waste.



MEIRA, S. R. C. Educação permanente na gestão de resíduos em hospital universitário. 2016. 93 f. Dissertação (Mestrado Profissional em Ensino na Saúde) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.