Estado, Direito e a inserção da Psicologia no complexo jurídico-penal: uma crítica marxista

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This research sought to understand the nature of the relationship between Psychology and the legal-criminal scope, observing the possibilities and barriers of Psychological Sciences in this sphere. For that, it starts from the understanding of social totality developed in Marxist and Marxian theories and from the exposition of fundamental categories for the analysis of the State and Law complexes. The process of historical formation of the State and Law is explored and opens the way to understand their real bases in the current capitalist mode of production. Thus, when realizing that the development of the aforementioned complexes has foundations in the maintenance of order and exploration within the social division into classes, it is clear that the inclusion of Psychology is not exempt from this same articulation. It is a bibliographical research, supported by expositions of classical theorists such as Marx, Engels, Lukács and Pachukanis, as well as their commentators. A second moment of this bibliographical research is demonstrated by the survey and analysis of Psychology productions in articulation with Criminal Law, approaching its contributions, limits, criticisms, and possibilities. It is possible to affirm that the apprehension of the social totality is not a recurrent theme in the productions of the Psychological Sciences articulated to Criminal Law, mainly in the hegemonic theories. However, it is a necessary path, not only for concrete changes in the scope of the profession, but also for expanding a perspective of human emancipation and overcoming exploitation and violence.



FLEURY, B. S. S. Estado, Direito e a inserção da Psicologia no complexo jurídico-penal: uma crítica marxista. 2021. 91 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Psicologia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2021.