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    Avaliação do reuso de água de limpeza em uma indústria de sabão em pó sintético
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2012-11-06) Santos Junior, Laurive Antonio dos; Lacerda, Monike Fabiane Alves Ribeiro; Sales, Paulo de Tarso Ferreira; Schimidt, Fernando; Santiago, Mariângela Fontes
    The present project aimed to study and evaluate the reuse of water in the cleaning process of making detergent powder, ensuring the product quality as well as reducing the environmental impact by not generating industrial effluent; observing the relationship with following parameters: color, turbidity, pH, alkalinity, COD, total phosphorus and anionic active matter (% w / w). 10 samples were collected in the effluent water reservoir tank washing production of detergent powder, as well as collections were performed 10 base powder produced with the washing water tanks production, aiming to compare the amount of active tense anion present in both samples. The results showed that there was an approximately 1% increase in the amount of anionic active matter in the base powder produced, showing an improvement in product quality without increasing the cost of raw materials. The reuse of washing water tanks production has enabled the production of a product of better quality, economy of raw material, making possible the generation of non‐industrial waste, thereby reducing the environmental impact of such effluent.
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    Caracterização dos casos suspeitos de dengue internados na capital do estado de Goiás em 2013: período de grande epidemia
    (2015-09) Nascimento, Laura Branquinho do; Oliveira, Patrícia dos Santos; Magalhães, Daniel de Paiva; França, Divânia Dias da Silva; Magalhães, Alessandro Leonardo Álvares; Silva, Juliana Brasiel; Silva, Flúvia Pereira Amorim da; Lima, Dione Marçal
    Objective: to describe the clinical and epidemiological features and the spatial distribution of suspected dengue cases admitted to hospital in Goiânia, state of Goiás, during the 2013 epidemic. Methods: this was a descriptive study of suspected dengue cases admitted to hospital in Goiânia based on four databases. Results: 616 suspected dengue cases were included in the study; patients’ mean age was 36 years (SD: 14.8), 55.2% were female, 9.3% were laboratory confirmed and 9.7% had comorbidities; the most common comorbidity was hypertension (20%); the most common warning signs were persistent vomiting (23.7%) and thrombocytopenia (22.7%); laboratory results were positive including for late sample collections taken five days after the onset of symptoms. There was great dispersion in the spatial distribution of cases. Conclusion: the majority of suspected dengue cases admitted to hospital were adults who had warning signs and symptoms
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    Avaliação do serviço de saúde prestado aos pacientes diabéticos em Unidade de Saúde em Goiânia
    (2014) Ribeiro, Emmeline Flor; Sousa, Maria Isabel Caetano de; Campos, Andrea de Paula; Nielson, Sylvia Escher de Oliveira; Lima, Dione Marçal; Provin, Mércia Pandolfo
    Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome of multiple etiology and a major public health problem in Brazil. The control of this disease in basic services is crucial because of its growing magnitude, transcendence, and complex vulnerability. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the treatment and monitoring of diabetic patients according to the Brazilian Diabetes Society guidelines in two basic health units (UBESFs) in the city of Goiânia/GO. Data were collected by review of medical records from January 2007 to December 2009, resulting in 250 records, consolidated in the Epi InfoTM software. There was a higher frequency of diabetes mellitus type 2 (96.65%) compared to type 1. In 78% of the records, arterial hypertension had been detected and of these, 77.4% had a prescription for ACE inhibitors. In 30.4% of the records, aspirin had been prescribed. On average, a small percentage of the medical records met the recommendations of the Brazilian Diabetes Society: almost 50% of the patients had controlled blood pressure in UBESF unit “A” and over 35% in UBESF unit “B”; about 25% had LDL less than 100mg/dL in both units, and approximately 25% had HbA1c below 7% in UBESF unit “B” and 18% in UBESF unit “A”. As to the study of medication use, 41.1% of the records had prescriptions for metformin and a secretagogue, and only 20.4% of the patients with HbA1c >9% had an insulin prescription.
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    Triterpenes from Minquartia guianensis (Olacaceae) and in vitro antimalarial activity
    (2012) Cursino, Lorena Mayara de Carvalho; Nunez, Cecilia Veronica; Paula, Renata Cristina de; Nascimento, Maria Fernanda Alves do; Santos, Pierre Alexandre dos
    Minquartia guianensis, popularly known as acariquara, was phytochemically investigated. The following triterpenes were isolated from the dichloromethane extract of leaves: lupen-3-one (1), taraxer-3-one (2) and oleanolic acid (3). The dichloromethane extract of branches yielded the triterpene 3β-methoxy-lup-20(29)-ene (4). The chemical structures were characterized by NMR data. Plant extracts, substance 3, squalene (5) and taraxerol (6), (5 and 6 previously isolated), were evaluated by in vitro assay against chloroquine resistant Plasmodium falciparum. The dichloromethane extract of leaves and the three triterpenes assayed have shown partial activity. Thus, these results demonstrated that new potential antimalarial natural products can be found even in partially active extracts
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    Insecticidal activity of Vitex cymosa (Lamiaceae) and Eschweilera pedicellata (Lecythidaceae) extracts against Sitophilus zeamais adults (Curculionidae)
    (2012) Oliveira, Taciane Almeida; Teles, Beatriz Ronchi; Fonseca, Claudio Ruy Vasconcelos da; Silva, Sérgio Luiz Rodrigues da; Santos, Pierre Alexandre dos; Nunez, Cecilia Veronica
    This study evaluated insecticidal and repellent effects of Vitex cymosa and Eschweilera pedicellata extracts against Sitophilus zeamais adults. Contact on filter paper discs and contaminated grain ingestion assays were performed. The repellent effect was evaluated with the “preferential area” method. The extracts provided good results by ingestion and as repellents, but not by contact. V. cymosa branches methanol extract was the best, killing nearly 70% of the individuals at its highest concentration, followed by V. cymosa flowers dichloromethane extract and E. pedicellata branches aqueous extract. Among these, only V. cymosa leaves dichloromethane extract did not reduce the number of individuals in F1. Analyzing the repellent effect, when the variable concentration was taken into account, no extract was dose-dependent, and the intensity of response varied with the time interval. Among the extracts tested, V. cymosa branches methanol extract is the most promising one, which negative effect on parental resulted in F1 decrease number and the ingestion way was the most efficient.