Navegando Programa de Pós-graduação em Antropologia Social por Assunto "Adolescência"
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ItemMeninas de Luz: redes de afeto, desafios e experiências na gravidez e maternidade(Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2019-03-06) Oliveira, Vanessa Fonte; Silva, Joana Aparecida Fernandes; http://buscatextual.cnpq.br/buscatextual/visualizacv.do?id=K4762531E5; Silva, Joana Aparecida Fernandes; Vieira, Suzane de Alencar; Gonçalves, ElianeThe objective of this work is to investigate the processes of an early pregnancy, emphasizing the plurality of motivations. The ethnography was developed in the "Girls of Light Project" at the Dona Gercina Borges Teixeira Social Center, where girls between the ages of twelve and twenty-one receive care. Through participant observation and semi-structured interviews, during nine months, there were follow-up to the gestational processes of twenty five pregnant girls or already with the born babies. In recent years, adolescent pregnancy has been considered a health problem in several countries and, since the phenomenon has been passed on as a social problem, studies on teenage pregnancy have increased significantly. Unlike official statistics and social policies that treat teenage pregnancy as a serious social problem to be avoided, the field data presented here point to the creation of a network of affection and solidarity of family and friends when the girl becomes pregnant , boosting their life projects to better care for the child. They all value the process they understand as maturation, brought about by motherhood. In this dissertation there are also reports of experiences, the social ties involving pregnant girls, their impressions, expectations, confrontations andfrustrations, which go far beyond this catastrophic notion. As part of the reflection there is a discussion about the concept of adolescence, showing that this age class is a recent and historical construction and that pregnancy in the age group of what is now considered precocious, has always occurred in society and still occurs.