Doutorado em Antropologia Social (FCS)

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    Pós-negritar trajetórias acadêmicas nas encruzilhadas dos saberes: um estudo antropológico das ações afirmativas para pessoas negras na pós-graduação stricto sensu da UFG
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-04-20) Ferreira, Débora Sirno Santos; Dias, Luciana de Oliveira;; Dias, Luciana de Oliveira; Vieira, Suzane de Alencar; Dias, Luciene de Oliveira; Silva, Vera Regina Rodrigues da; Lima, Marlini Dorneles de
    This doctoral thesis starts from the following problematization: knowing that most of the Brazilian population is composed of the black population, what factors influence so that only a minority of them are in universities in master's and doctoral courses? The main objective of this ethnography is to investigate, in stricto sensu graduate courses, at the Master's and Doctorate level at UFG, how quota students perceive the quota policy implemented by the university in their experiences. The ethnography carried out with the interlocutors of the UFG stricto sensu postgraduate course showed that all students faced many challenges throughout their academic career, to the point ofmaking many of them drop out, in elementary school, then in high school, with few reaching university. In the academic territory of UFG, it was no different, as well as in their daily lives, they were violated with racist jokes, sexist, homophobic situations, with patriarchy operating over their bodies, the university charging for productions, and, still, the pandemic and social isolation. However, in the face of all these traps strategically prepared by racism, students recognize the importance of being in this place, knowing that many do not manage to reach this stage of study and recognize the rise that this place gives them, both psychologically and socially. and financially. For all this, they share joy when they are recognized for their academic production, and especially when the mother of one of the students, who is their main reference, shares, with joy, the surprise of the boss when she discovers that her maid's son is doctor. We resorted to the anthropology of emotions to explain the context in which these experiences were shared with the researcher and how they crossed her. To better understand ethnic-racial relations in Brazil, it is essential to recognize the relevance and effectiveness of racism and ethnic-racial discrimination, of which groups, black and indigenous people are the target (DIAS, 2012) and which segregate and exclude them from places , spaces and positions. Affirmative actions are intended to combat the accumulated effects of discrimination practiced against black people, which results in economic, educational, political and sociocultural inequalities.
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    Estar dentro do rolê: gênero e sexualidades entre jovens estudantes e universitários na cidade de Goiás (GO)
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-04-05) Prado, Paulo Brito do; Braz, Camilo Albuquerque de;; Braz, Camilo Albuquerque de; Coelho, Maria Cláudia; Britto, Clóvis Carvalho; Dias, Luciana de Oliveira; Henning, Carlos Eduardo
    The present thesis is an incursion made through the anthropological view of the social phenomenon of the rolês produced by young students and university students in specific places in the Historic Center of the city of Goiás between the years 2017 and 2019. In addition to seeing this contemporary phenomenon through the lens of gender, sexuality and youth studies, the research envisaged a methodological and ethnographic proposal interested in crossing the fields of history and anthropology. In the ethnographic work I chose, in addition to the conventional procedures of field research (interviews, dialogue and recording in field diaries), the taking of the drawing (watercolors) and the production of images as a way of recording for the production of the narrative that compose this book. investigation. As a result of deep field research and archives, this work proposed a tour of contemporary Goiás, for its time marks and for the uses made by young students, university students and tourists of its monumentalized spaces by residents, public authorities and Unesco in 2001. Starting from bars or alleys, from Praça do Coreto and its neighboring places, or following the flow of so many people in nights to the sound of funk, university sertanejo, electronic, forró, arrocha and always accompanied by a drink (corote, vodka with ice, wine, beer, liqueurs or other mixtures) I witnessed, on the nights of rolês, different groups of young people mobilize other meanings and attribute other meanings to Goiás, even though they did not leave aside the fame that the city carries and that is related to its past and its history. Together with many people I participated in new entertainment and saw different ways of using the spaces of Goiás in the periods of time in which the rolês and parties took place. All this was evidently accompanied by the romantic setting of a city of small territorial dimensions, guardian of pasts and traditions, illuminated by lamps with a yellowish, poetic, evocative color and that referred to a long historical trajectory characterized by the times of the Colony, the Empire and the Republic. Thinking about the meanings that so many people attributed to the city, about what stimulated them to be in so many spaces of this city and interested in the ethnographic location of Goiás in time and space, I explored some research that preceded this one, covered questions that inspired this investigative proposal, I pointed out some conceptual and methodological problems, walked through its history, showed how the idea of ​​Historic and Heritage City was manufactured and reached some of the many meanings produced by young people who go to rolês in a famous Goiás, center of attention of the local and national and popular media. for many parties. Of course, in this process I had to broaden my previous lens of analysis, at first focused on gender and sexuality, to issues of class and race. In the field and seeing how young people resorted to certain pasts of the city and/or used their history to justify their presence and behavior in the Bandstand, I had no choice but to place myself on the border between History and Anthropology. In this way, this thesis talks about in-between places and borders, mine and those of my interlocutors.
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    O que é que tem de realmente importante lá em Chapada dos Negros, além da cicatriz? Processos de enquadramento do patrimônio, estereotipagem e silenciamento de memórias em Arraias-TO
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-07-29) Nolasco, Genilson Rosa Severino; Wichers, Camila Azevedo de Moraes;; Wichers, Camila Azevedo de Moraes; Magnani, José Guilherme Cantor; Silva, Cleube Alves da; Cândido, Manuelina Maria Duarte; Hirano, Luis Felipe Kojima
    This thesis is the result of research carried out in Arraias, a city located in the southeast region of Tocantins. Its base goal was to understand how the people of Arraias have appropriated the physical traits (FERRAZ, 1997) associated with the colonial past and the enslavement of black people, regarding special attention to the Chapada dos Negros’ ruins. I sought to understand not only the heritage assets, the Chapada dos Negros’ ruins, but mainly how things become or have become heritage in that locality, at the same time that I problematized the limits of heritage public policies. Therefore, the investigative approach was developed through two movements, as Pollack (1989) suggests. Firstly, a “from top to the bottom” movement involving an ethnography of the State’s heritage process and its agents. Second movement was the “from the bottom to the top” view, in which I’ve looked for the subjects’ ethnography, their point of view and enunciation places.
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    Uma etnografia sobre memórias e fotografias no terecô: entre possibilidades, interditos e afetos
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-08-09) Freire, Fladney Francisco da Silva; Hirano, Luis Felipe Kojima;; Hirano, Luis Felipe Kojima; Barros, Antonio Evaldo Almeida; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio; Souza, Maria Luiza Rodrigues; Ferreira, Glauco Batista
    Although they seem like an individual phenomenon, photographs should also be understood as a collective construction. In this study, besides being important in the plot of memory in the context of Terecô of Bacabal (MA), are pieces that set up a timeline of the Spiritist Tent of Umbanda de São Raimundo Nonato, the terreiro of my family. The thesis seeks to provoke a reflection on the limits and potentialities of the image for religion, portraying how it is used in the temple to narrate the trajectory of the terreiro itself and its members. Throughout the study, we approached the context of Terecô in the municipality of Bacabal(MA ) and the genesis of the terreiro, also trying to understand the conception that religious leaders and scholars have about the importance of image in the production of knowledge, without leaving aside the approach to care for the dissemination of these photographs, since religion is historically the target of prejudices. In the terreiro, it is believed that the care with the way these records reach the spaces outside the walls is able to collaborate with the breaking of stereotypes. Part of this care occurs with the contextualization of the record of rituals that will be exposed – considering that images about Afro-Brazilian religions undergo negative historical construction – and preservation of those that are part of the secret/mystery of Terecô, interdicts that are beyond human decision. It is concluded that the dissemination of images is able to help in the construction of a new look at terecô. In the academic field, the research seeks to guide researchers who use the resource of photography on the best way to act in terreiros that have rules on the dissemination of these images. In addition, another perspective begins here, this time from Bacabal, on terecô, until then portrayed predominantly from the axis of Codó (MA) since most of the published texts deal with terreiros located in this city. In the end, it is understood that photography is capable not only of helping the anthropologist to retrieve information observed in the field and serve as an illustrative element to the reader, but also to provide information that supports the construction of knowledge.
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    “Vai pono sintido” os saberes das lavadeiras da Cidade de Goiás no saber fazer sabão de bola
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-08-05) Moreira, Gleidson de Oliveira; Tamaso, Izabela Maria;; Pires, Ema Cláudia Ribeiro; Lima Filho, Manuel Ferreira; Oliveir, Alessandro Roberto de; Tamaso, Izabela Maria; Oliveira, Alessandro Roberto de
    This doctorate dissertation, whose title is Vai pono sintido – os saberes das lavadeiras da Cidade de Goiás no saber fazer sabão de bola (Make sense of this – the lore of the laundresses of the Town of Goiás resulting from their expertise in making soap balls) aims to understand the meanings of that artifact, how it has been manufactured, its components, its makers and the techniques involved in its making; I have explored the ways of manufacturing and using the soap ball by considering the memories of the laundresses of the Town of Goiás (Goiás, Brazil). The methodological procedures that have been employed are: a literature exploration, a primary documents list, interviews, field work (in the Town of Goiás), the ethnography of the material culture, an analysis of the technical processes, of photographic records, video productions and drawings. The research question is this: How is soap ball, an artifact of the material culture, able to convey meaning to the life of women who have been ostracized by a “colonizing” society? The paper hypothesis starts from the resurgence of soap ball, which belongs to a network of knowledge of the peasant life from Goiás, as it is an activity that envelopes many forms of permanence and resistance of the rural world in the urban environment of the Town of Goiás. That soap ball ethnography has aimed to follow, by considering the materials (recipes, ingredients, buckets, wooden rods, lye, caustic soda, pans, knives and spoons), the flow of “things and objects” involved in the technical procedures of the manufacture chain and modulated by rhythms, gestures and movements studied by the Anthropology of Techniques. From my maternal grandmother’s reports on her active participation in that process, I have tried to comprehend those ancient forms of knowledge, whose ancestry lies in the fazedeiras (female makers) of soap balls from the Town of Goiás since colonial days. The text has been arranged in four chapters: the first one, “Ethnography of the things biographed by my grandmother”, displays the stories derived from the objects that constitute the places occupied by the laundresses; in the second one, “Being a poor woman in the Town of Goiás”, there is an interpretation of the biased conceptions based on sex discrimination and ethnocentrism towards the professional laundresses in different periods of history; the third one, “The soap ball and its technique: recipes, ingredients and ways to make it”, regards technique as manufacture; lastly, the fourth chapter, “Notebook of Images”, is a section in which I have used pictures as a way to enlarge the written text by articulating speech, written words and images. I hope this work may contribute to the Academy through its reflections concerning the anthropology of the body and the anthropology of technique.