Educação do corpo, práticas corporais e o movimento reformador do novo ensino médio brasileiro

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


In capitalist society there is a specific determination for the education of the body. Education, work and capital are articulated in formal education, in school education and in public school. Inserted in this process, school Physical Education is crossed by the educational orientation reform movement that, in its current historical form, is known as New High School. In this perspective, the research had as its object the education of the body in brazilian public High School. The epistemological challenge was related to body practices aimed at young people in the school context. The general objective was to analyze which senses and meanings the New High School legitimizes for bodily practices in formal education in brazilian public High School. The specific objectives were: to identify which understandings about body education can be apprehended in the analysis of national public school education, when observed in the context of culture, the place of knowledge in the essence of educational processes and school practices; understand socio-historical-cultural senses and meanings of body education in the reality of the structure, organization and functioning of Brazilian public school education in contemporary times; to analyze how this body education is configured in the specificity of the school processes of the Physical Education component; and raise elements that dialogue with the sociocultural transformations of the world of work, in order to enhance the discussion of a public school education that promotes the human development of students. The research methodology considered historical-dialectical materialism as a theoretical, epistemological and methodological assumption. As a methodological procedure, documentary research was used, with an exploratory character and under a critical-dialectical approach. By understanding the most recent movement of reforms of educational guidelines in the time frame from 2016 to 2018, only one brazilian curricular reference was analyzed. From the regional selection, the Documento Curricular Para Goiás – Etapa Ensino Médio was chosen. The results indicate that there is a direct relationship between corporal practices in Physical Education at school and the contents and specific forms of corporal education suggested by the capitalist mode of production, molding students to a future condition of productive force consistent with the needs of capitalist society. It is stated that it is necessary to build another High School.



RODRIGUES, R. R. Educação do corpo, práticas corporais e o movimento reformador do novo ensino médio brasileiro. 2023. 273 f. Tese (Doutorado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2023