Jovens fora do mercado de trabalho e fora da escola: qual a diferença entre os gêneros?
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The participation in the labor market is a key item for which the young begin their professional career, even when he starts his stage economically active as an intern for a small company, for example. The development of skills in theory and practice, in all moments in the life of a human being, lead that person to accumulate human capital. Despite being natural that the young chooses to perform some of these activities, 12.9% of people opt for being out of the labor market and out of school (NEET). Despite being natural that the young chooses to perform some of these activities, 12.9% of people opt for being out of the labor market and without school attendance (NOR). Thus, the aim of this research is to analyze the effects of socioeconomic factors and household associated with the likelihood of the young be in situation nor-nor, by gender, by means of a probit model and a decay non-linear Oaxaca-Blinder. For this study, are used microdata from the Demographic Census of 2010 in metropolitan areas of Brazil, to young people aged 15 to 24 years. The results indicate that some factors have an impact on a larger proportion of the situation of being out of the labor market and the abandonment of the school of women, such as, for example, marriage, appointments with the family and age. This jointly affect your financial independence and their schooling and this can be a choice voluntarily or involuntarily, in which the second choice can cause social problems. Beyond that, the subjective effects that impact the young NEET have a much greater expression than what was explain in the empirical model and has more impact in this NEET situation for the female sex. This can be seen by inheritance from Western colonization, as well as differences in the cultural values absorbed by men and women. And, perhaps the biggest concern of all, the presence of domestic violence as a possible factor of permanence of the woman in the NEET situation, by the imprisonment of a women´s body and mind added to a low self esteem context (Gomes et al., 2012) and Little qualification (VIEIRA; PERDONA; SANTOS, 2011).
MACÊDO, K. V. Jovens fora do mercado de trabalho e fora da escola: qual a diferença entre os gêneros?. 2017. 56 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Administração) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.