Lactâncio e a polêmica sobre a origem dos deuses: uma análise do evemerismo nas divinas instituições (séc. IV d. C.)

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The present research analyzes the presence of the euhemerism philosophy in the work Divine Institutes of Lactantius, in order to identify the rationalist apologetics regarding the origin of the gods of the ancient Roman religion. The author was a Christian apologist in the 4th century AD. And wrote several works, among them Divine Institutes. One of the argumentative axes of this work is based on the appropriation of euhemerism, which is the conventional designation for the thought of Euhemerus, an author who probably lived in the 4th century BC. And wrote the work Sacred History. Evemerism consists of the theory that the ancient gods were men deified by their great deeds, but that they were, however, just ordinary human beings. The rationalization of the gods of the ancient Roman religion is an aspect that permeates lactational thinking in the rejection of paganism and in the defense of Christianity. Our hypothesis is that, Lactantius appropriated Euhemerus´s philosophy to build an argument aimed at legitimizing Christian monotheism and his argument is associated with the transformations of the religious practices of the beginning of the 4th century AD in the Roman Empire. The hermeneutics of documentation observed processes of appropriation of discourse with which the relationship with euhemerist philosophy is constructed and the use of rhetorical discourses in the reformulation of paradigms based on ancient culture and philosophy, in the reorganization and accommodation of assumptions in order to legitimize others venerations, other myths, other rituals, an undertaking that reflected a specific demand of the period´s religiosity.



BRAZ, Azenathe Pereira. Lactâncio e a polêmica sobre a origem dos deuses: uma análise do evemerismo nas divinas instituições (séc. IV d. C.). 2020. 223 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2020.