A legislação oral no judaísmo rabínico: um estudo comparado da jurisdição e das halakhot de Shabbat na Mishnah e nos manuscritos de Qumran (II AEC – II EC )
Nenhuma Miniatura disponível
Título da Revista
ISSN da Revista
Título de Volume
Universidade Federal de Goiás
The intense circulation of the sacred Jewish writings at the end of the 1st Century CE not only has transferred to the literature a large place of memory and tradition, as it has opened the doors to the regency of rabbinic Judaism as the dominant form of Jewish experience. The great volume of writings that has circulated inside and outside of Palestine has outlined the necessity for the standardization of the Jewish canon by a portion of the Pharisaic rabbinate and, at the same time, it was a representative of the illegitimacy that many communities have seen in some writings, as well as the autonomy that has been directed to the interpretations of the Mitsvah (oral Law) from different halakhot (practical form of the Mitsvah). In face of this process, we return our analyzes to the distinct voices present in this course and which are represented mainly by the Mishnah and the Qumran Manuscripts. The first source, has declared official, contains the compilation of the Oral Law from the studies made by the Schools of Pharisaic Sages established in the ancient Near East from the 4th Century BCE ; the second, resulting of the writings from the Palestinian diaspora, contains a rich collection of the precepts designated in the Oral Law, as well as a sectarian legislation belonging to the Qumran community. Since we have the possibility to find in the Qumran Manuscripts distinct halakhot from those present in the writings that have given shape to the Pharisaic Jewish canon, we place the understanding of the events that have allowed the rise of rabbinical Judaism to the voices that were hidden from this process, provinding a greater clarity to the (in)fidelity of the official Jewish canon with other literary traditions, since the sources do not demonstrate any legislative homogeneity even within Palestine.
MARIANO, N. Q. C. A Legislação oral no judaísmo rabínico: um estudo comparado da jurisdição e das halakhot de Shabbat na Mishnah e nos manuscritos de Qumran (II AEC – II EC ). 2018. 292 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.