Heidegger e o problema das noções de sujeito e mundo em confronto com o pro-blema da realidade em ser e tempo

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Firstly, our propose is to explain why Heidegger urges the question of being and what s the meaning of his fundamental ontology project in Being and Time. As first reference we ve got the metaphysical question what is the being? to know how, for Heidegger, this question was not well strived or just forgotten on philosophical tradition. The problems that Heidegger finds in tradition are about the absence of questioning the being and lack of ontological difference, also from application and distortion of concepts considered truths but not well inquired. According to that, some ideas from Descartes were exploited here under Heidegger s view, mostly concerning to the thoughtless heritage of substance concept to base what he appoint as res cogitans and res extensa. Our main propose is to show how Heidegger understands where Descartes mistakes in that, and what he offers to us as alternative to that way of thinking central concepts, like subject and world, to modern philosophy. In order to do that, we explain some of Heidegger s concepts, like being-in-the-world, worldliness, to make clear in which sense Heidegger argues that it s wrong considerer subject and world just as simply given beings. In discussions to objections we treat the issue of nature and history, within Dostal s thought, like a relation that makes possible questioning the nature of being. At this point, we want to analyze at which extent can Dasein or not worldly the nature. With that, it raises a discussion about the dependence of the nature from reality or not, with regard to Dasein. We also exposed a question about the possibility of Dasein get the same way of being characteristic of an ego, within hermeneutic questioning under a presumed vicious cycle. This point of view is made in reference of Ricoeur, who maintains that there is a very similar posture in Heidegger of a typical modern attitude when the questioning makes a retrospective and anticipative reference from being to man. We recapture at final regards Heidegger s view about the question of reality, if it is something independent or not from Dasein. In spite of taking account the dependence from the concept of understanding and the sense of being, united to Dasein s existence, Heidegger doesn t sees himself fitting to some kind of idealism or relativism. We will see how important is to get the result from interpretation of Dasein s being and worldliness to understand Heidegger s position concerning to reality problem, as well to know how the idealist thinking or relativist would be an outgo from principles gotten to establish what are subject and world to the point of view of modernity.



CASTRO, Paula Roberta de. degger and the problem of the notions of subject and the world in confronting the problem of reality in time and be. 2009. 143 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Humanas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2009.