Acesso à alimentação especial no Brasil: política pública e direitos humanos

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The human right to adequate food (DHAA) is enshrined in article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948. In Brazil, only in 2010, this right was inserted as a social right in the article 6 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic. The study discuss the guarantees of access to adequate food for infants and children with special dietary needs transitional or permanent, that due to metabolic changes, physiological or pathological conditions require exclusive diet. Among the changes, it is possible to cite illnesses affecting the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, diarrhea), food hypersensitivities (allergies), malnutrition and inborn errors of metabolism. The lack or failure to provide special dietary formulas may damage the human growth and development and even consequence the death. Diarrhoea is a major cause of child mortality, killing more children than AIDS, malaria and measles combined. Considering the impact of child deaths from diarrhea in 2006, Brazilian managers of the Unified Health System (SUS) signed the Pact for Life, which aimed to reduce neonatal mortality by 5% and 50% infant deaths from diarrheal disease. The inductive qualitative method used to analyze the data collected in the Mortality Information System (SIM) - DATASUS demonstrated that there was a decrease in the deaths of infants and children up to 01 years of age in the Brazilian regions in the 2006-2013.



SOUZA, J. C. Acesso à alimentação especial no Brasil: política pública e direitos humanos. 2016. 133 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Direitos Humanos) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.