O habitar e a memória em terras da santa: ancestralidade no Arraial da Barra, na cidade de Goiás/GO
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
We start from a perspective of Cultural Geography that gains space, echo, and that sheds light on the need for new perspectives on this subject. The need to rethink the Goiana country house, knowing that we cannot homogenize the aspect of living in the countryside. Arraial da Barra prospered with mining - explored by the pioneers in the 18th century. Today, Arraial da Barra is known as Buenolândia, a district of the city of Goiás. It has inhabitants and their houses that keep heritage from this colonial historical context, leaving records of the pioneering paulista and indigenous culture. There, we were able to experience the geographic category of place, perceived in the set of environmental relationships created in the process of human inhabiting, it extrapolated the environment of the house itself, reaching the spaces in which the subjects lived their experiences, their lived world. There are original rammed earth and adobe buildings, which instigated our search for vernacular architecture and secular tradition. The trajectory that unites O Casarão de Fronteira and the present-day houses of Arraial da Barra spatially demarcates a geographic reference of power of the Portuguese Crown, which dates to the occupation of the territory of the Complexo dos Arraiais by Anhanguera: Santana, Ferreiro, Barra and Ouro Fino, along the Rio Vermelho. The Nossa Senhora do Rosário church, in Arraial da Barra, signals the mark of Christian power, as well as leaves traces in its constructive model, crude procedures and rude beauty in the hinterland of Goiás, the first church of the Captaincy of São Paulo, in the lands of Goyazes mines. Phenomenologically, the physical, multivalent, complex, and dynamic environment, from this point of view, allows us to enjoy the clarity between the spatial concepts of lived space and built space, in its essence. Religiosity is quite present in the interiors of the houses with images of saints protecting the families, which also appear in old portraits on the walls. The study demonstrated that they echo their ways of inhabiting and building cultural landscapes: wood, clay and stone and their symbolic repertoires. In this sense, the thesis valued the look at habits, the routine, the work that descends from the paternalistic and austere power, full of memories of exploratory relationships, generating the Casarão de Fronteira derived from the Casarão de Origem, in Santana de Parnayba/SP. A relationship sown by the landscape of the Goiás hinterland and reinforced by a new spatial analysis: the geographic complex and the cultural landscape. Changes in local power, occupation, enlargement, and constructions that register an important connection to be recognized today, advising new perspectives and anthropological, sociological, architectural, and cultural heritage studies overseas, intercontinental and interstate. Its inhabitants, with the large collection that is presented, propose a deeper dive that invited us to know the Aroeira Women in their healing process and launching as mainstays as social constructs, co-creating the Goiás backlands with their wisdom, orality and memories that preserve the essence of their ancestors, despite adaptation over secular time. Many houses display handcrafted domestic furniture and artefacts, wooden windows and walls painted with intense colors, retracing a real and long-term artisanal collection, objects of study of change and power of their country micropolitics in their living spaces. It encouraged us to recognize the geographical concepts listed towards the object of study, allowing us to understand that the country house in Arraial da Barra gave us conditions to subsidize studies and perceive them, as we did – up close and from within, by immersion
SILVA, L. H. A. O habitar e a memória em terras da santa: ancestralidade no Arraial da Barra, na cidade de Goiás/GO. 2022. 318 f. Tese (Doutorado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2022.