Pequi, Jatobá, Algodãozinho ... : a biodiversidade do Cerrado na medicina popular
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The domain of Cerrado is pressed by many economic activities. It shares space, especially with livestock, soybeans, corn and sugarcane, compromising its flora, fauna and culture of Cerradeiro People. Paradoxically, it is one of the richest biomes in biodiversity. To encourage / support practices attentive to this peculiarity soften its intense anthropogenic destruction. It makes appropriate to mention that our understanding of biodiversity encompasses the cultural bias. Thus, the management of biodiversity is in the local culture, its traditional knowledge and its relationship with regional forms of the different ecosystems. According to that, there is the popular medicine of medicinal plants and home remedies of an institution of the Third Department, the Health Pastoral Care of Diocese of Goias / GO that works with species from the Cerrado, keeping a tradition. The argument that permeates this study is that the popular medicine of Cerrado of medicinal plants and their home remedies are strengthened by the support and enhancement of the Third Department. The empirical elect, the geographic category territory, is central, we have a territory formed in the geographic place of Health Pastoral Care of Diocese of Goias / GO, politics delimitation from the Catholic Church the Diocese. This territory is resistant with its popular traditional pharmacies in front of allopathic pharmaceutical groups. Flows between the groups in this pastoral form the social networks, allowing strengthen and perpetuate the activities of education and health involving both communities, as in popular traditional pharmacies the know-how of the home remedies. The Health Pastoral Care of Diocese of Goias / GO covers a social function with treatment, in general, of a low-income population. It provides spaces for discussion of public politics for popular medicine and conservation of Cerrado. Recently, he participated in an important work, the Popular Pharmacopoeia of Cerrado, edited in 2009, and among its goals is highlighted as a policy instrument to regulate the popular medicine of Cerrado. This institution created, in partnership, a pilot area of the Management Plan of medicinal plants in a legal reserve. Initiatives such as these to the reality in question are restricted. However, despite their important role, it has no financial support from any government institution and it presents a number of difficulties. A weakness which urges public policies for popular medicine of Cerrado that suffer a steady culture erosion. The few actions of the Health Pastoral Care of Diocese of Goias / GO, showed that their popular traditional pharmacies are illegal because of the incompatibility to comply with the legislation. Nevertheless, to have appreciation for acts of popular phytotherapy, having as agent basically the Third Department is worrying. The State should not exempt itself from its role, there is also a financial bottleneck that circumvents this religious institution does not ensure the permanence of their actions. The budget reality of scarcity is also present in certain Portuguese NGOs with activities that include phytotherapy. Even so, they contribute to the reproduction of the tradition of using medicinal plants of Portugal.
BORGES, Viviane Custódia. Pequi, Jatobá, Algodãozinho ... : The biodiversity of the Cerrado en popular medicine. 2011. 273 f. Tese (Doutorado em Ciências Humanas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2011.