Permanências e rupturas de mulheres em situação de violência doméstica: uma perspectiva histórico-cultural

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


In this research, we aim to understand the permanences and ruptures of women in situations of domestic violence during the “Covid-19” pandemic. We start from the theoretical framework of historical-cultural psychology and feminism with a historical-dialectical materialist foundation. We develop the construction of femininity in the current historical context. We retrace the creation of the ideal of romantic love, motherhood and domestic care in modernity as a tool of patriarchal exploitation. We theorize about violence against women as an expression of this system. We relate gender oppression to the condition of Brazilian dependence and slavery. In this context, we carried out a brief survey of the relationships between domestic violence and the pandemic, envisioning processes of resurgence. We introduce the main epistemological bases of historical-cultural psychology to support the discussion. From them, we highlight the affective-volitional basis in the structuring of the psyche and activity. In light of this theoretical survey, we carried out narrative interviews with women who suffered domestic and family violence between 2020 and 2022. The analysis of the data generated was structured under a comprehensive bias, considering the historical-dialectical materialist theoretical-methodological foundation. We obtained data on the production of affections, thoughts and actions in women based on patriarchal ideology. We reflect on its relations with the capitalist mode of production and the consequent use of domestic violence as a tool to maintain this structure. In addition to a dominant construction of what it means to be a woman, we also discuss the lack of social support and survival conditions as conditions for remaining in a violent relationship. Given the small elaboration on the pandemic by the interviewees, we relate it to an increase in violence already experienced. We also emphasize that there are strategies of resistance and ruptures, even within the relationship, highlighting the affects of anger. We conclude that there is a need for new studies delving deeper into the relationships identified and the relevance of historical-cultural psychology in structuring the fight against violence against women and, beyond that, the fight against patriarchalism and its modal relationships with capitalism, colonialism and racism.



LOPES, L. C. Permanências e rupturas de mulheres em situação de violência doméstica: uma perspectiva histórico-cultural. 2023. 156 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Psicologia) - Faculdade de Educação, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2023.