A lógica gerencialista e a saúde mental do servidor público de uma instituição de ensino superior
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of the management model on the mental health of the public servants of a higher education institution located in Goiás state. Therefore three specific objectives were defined: i) to identify the perception of the servers on the management of the public HEI studied; Ii) to identify the presence of psychological suffering and the conditions of affection in the servers; and iii) to confirm the strategies of facing the IES management model. The literary base was the State reform and the psychodynamics of work (PDT), which deals with the worker´s health. The State reform refers to changes that has taken place in HEIs through the University Restructuring and Expansion Program (REUNI), in 2007, and originated from the state reformist movement in the 1970s, known as the New Public Administration. New Public Management (NPM), which emerged in response to the Welfare State crisis or “Social welfare”, proposing the reduction of the public machine, spreading the managerial management in state bodies, already consolidated in private companies. It is a neoliberal postmodern ideological reform, guided by the Toyotista sayings of flexible and lean production, which have created a growing wave of precarious labor, underemployment and world unemployment. The second theoretical support of this research was given by the “Dejours school”, which analyzes the dynamics between the subject and the company, and how does the experience of pleasure and suffering of the individual react before the incoherence of the work organization. This school also approaches the consequences for the worker when he faces unbeatable suffering at work, when he assumes defensive strategies to preserve the psychic health; And which complications occur when these failures are used excessively by the Individual, causing illness and social pathologies in the workplace. The research designed was qualitative, assuming the phenomenon related to the Subjective Subject. The methodological bias was the Critical Discourse Analysis (ACD), analyzing the sets of the interviewees for the identification of the ideological announcements of neoliberal social culture. The research tool used was the interview with semi-structured questions and the target audience was chosen from statistical data secondary medical licenses of Administrative Technicians and Teachers, electing the Academic Units (UA) of HEI with a higher incidence of medical licenses for Mental Disorder Behavioral (TCM) in 2015. The results pointed out characteristics of managerial management style (control, productivity, individuality). Within this context, the workers feel that pleasure is linked to the nature of the work they perform, but also suffering, when they use psychic defenses for confrontation. It was also identified that there are signs of excessive use of defense or the failure of its use, causing social pathologies in the work environment of the HEI studied. It is suggested that new research should be carried out, approaching other motivators of illness (physics, accidents) of these servers and that there are also studies that propose the implementation of a reintegration process of servers that were removed due to mental disorder in HEI.
REIS, K. D. A lógica gerencialista e a saúde mental do servidor público de uma instituição de ensino superior. 2017. 135 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Administração) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.