O jogo das posições sociais: educação em ciências e a formação do cidadão
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
In this research, citizenship occupied the position of analytical category, on which the objective of investigating its interconnections with curricular, conceptual, and historical elements was proposed under the foundation of Pierre Bourdieu's sociology. It is a qualitative investigation developed through an association between bibliographic and documentary research. On the first, a review of the literature of the narrative type was developed in consideration of events that are preponderant for western and Brazilian citizenship. Then, a systematic review was structured about the same concept present in scientific articles that articulated the idea with Science Education. For this, three databases were selected: Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO); Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of the Federal University of Goiás (BDTD / UFG). The stage characterized as documentary research followed the directions of the Discursive Textual Analysis (methodological framework). Interpretations were based on the assumptions of Pierre Bourdieu's praxiological method (analytical framework). Conceptions of citizenship have historically been linked to struggles in social fields. In the case of the Brazilian Educational Field, even before its formal existence, one perceives the strategic character of the monopolization of cultural capital by an elite minority, as well as the need for a minimum perpetuation of some knowledge and rights to follow the rise of a new worldview, that of capitalism. It was found that Science Education has a fundamental role in promoting dialogues about the formation of the agent / citizen. However, there are still few studies of a conceptual nature on citizenship in this area of knowledge. National curriculum documents, such as the BNCC, have a strong impact on the definition of the direction of a nation, but they must not hide the foundations that produce and maintain social inequalities. The movement to produce knowledge about the relationship between citizenship and education is an essential step for decision-making under the critical-reflexive bias. Movement that nourishes the minority categories to remain in (re) existence.
ATAIDE, J. F. O jogo das posições sociais: educação em ciências e a formação do cidadão. 2021. 247 f. Tese (Doutorado em Educação em Ciências e Matemática) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2020.