Tecnocracia e capitalismo no Brasil num estudo de caso: a Associação Nacional de Programação Econômica e Social (ANPES) (1964-1967)
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
On June 9th, 1964, it was created in São Paulo the National Association for Economic and Social Development (ANPES). ANPES was a think tank which main aim was to conduct surveys and technical studies that permanently assess the economic politics of the government, but also aimed to suggest measures and guidelines through a better understanding of the reality investigated, bearing in mind, primarily, to accelerate the capitalist development in Brazil. In front of this process, there was the career diplomat Roberto de Oliveira Campos, a member of the Brazilian technocracy that intended to combine business activities with academic tasks and planning. In terms of execution, many capitalists - especially people from São Paulo - dissatisfied with the direction and paths that Brazil followed with Goulart government, decided to support the initiative. Therefore, took part in this endeavor: civil engineer Ary Frederico Torres, the military engineer Edmundo Macedo Soares and Silva, industrial and banker John Adhemar de Almeida Prado, the lawyer Lelio Toledo Piza and Almeida Filho, economist and civil engineer Lucas Lopes, agronomist Luiz Simoes Lopes and the entrepreneur (and president of the Commercial Association of São Paulo - ACSP) Paulo de Almeida Barbosa; these technocrats would then assume the vice- presidency of ANPES. Still in this proposal: the banker, industrial and agricultural engineer Theodoro Quartim Barbosa hold the technical board of this association; while the bankers Sérgio Pinho Mellão and Gaston Eduardo Bueno Vidigal, respectively, exerted positions of financial vice president and president of the institution. Meanwhile, the 1964 coup occurred. Campos, who served as first general secretary of this institution, becomes Minister of Planning and Economic Coordination of Castelo Branco’s government. Soon, other technocrats of ANPES are recruited to the military governments. In this dissertation we inquire the relationship of this institution with the establishment of the military dictatorship in Brazil, presenting and justifying, therefore, the need for this historiographical study about the existence of ANPES.
ARANHA, F. A. Tecnocracia e capitalismo no Brasil num estudo de caso: a Associação Nacional de Programação Econômica e Social (ANPES) (1964-1967). 2016. 174 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.