Navegando por Autor "Fonseca, Pedro Carlos Louzada"
Agora exibindo 1 - 20 de 42
Resultados por página
Opções de Ordenação
ItemAnimais maravilhosos e seus rastros medievais na América portuguesa: entre o fabuloso e o promocional(2022) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaThis article examines three factors that motivate the narrative construction of the “New World” chronicles, particularly those dealing with the colonization of Brazil. The first is that in these Brazilian chronicles, motifs referring to the marvelous fauna of the medieval tradition are found. The second factor examined, closely linked to the first, is the finding that the reasons for this wonderful fauna come from the tradition of bestiary books from the Middle Ages. Finally, the third factor is the pragmatics of promotional intention present in these chronicles. Reasoning the relationship between these factors, the article makes a comprehensive critical description of the animals in the colonial chronicles that present motifs from the medieval bestiary. It concludes that this treatment of colonial fauna reveals the intention to promote the natural realities of Brazilian colonial lands, using the relationship between the record of exoticism, gain, and exploration, beyond simple disinterested wonder. Although it is not the intention of the article, given its limits, to make a theory of this relationship, it points to the conclusion that the marvelous exotic fauna of colonial Brazil worked many times as an incentive for the enjoyment between the imaginary and the real of the things of the lands newly discovered. ItemAnimais medievais e configurações de gênero na cronística colonial: estratégias discursivas e ordem política(2022-06) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaLa representación de la realidad natural de América personificada en la crónica del Brasil Colonial está permeada por una postura dicotómica situada entre el asombro y la utilidad, cuyos valores teleológicos pueden verificarse perfectamente en las referencias medievales. Utilizando el comparativismo y privilegiando el estudio de las ideas culturales, este artículo examina la plausibilidad de la presencia del bestiario medieval y el proceso de engendramiento o tropo de feminización de la realidad natural colonial, configurando oscilaciones entre el simple disfrute de lo maravilloso y su utilidad práctica. Los términos de esta formación dialéctica son examinados en este artículo, buscando identificar sus límites en la configuración de la realidad en las crónicas del Brasil Colonial. De esta forma, se abordan dos pilares en el artículo, a saber, la tradición simbólica de los llamados libros bestiarios y la tradición tropológica del discurso feminizante de la realidad, tanto de carácter ideológico como político. De esta forma, se concibió estratégicamente una curiosa pero explicable construcción de valores para legitimar las intenciones europeas en la posesión de las tierras americanas en la época colonial. ItemAnimais medievais e seus rastros no brasil colonial: uma proposta de leitura neomedievalista(2022) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaThis work proposes to examine the concept of neomedievalism in historiography especially relevant in post-colonial territories considered lacking in a true medieval tradition, seen as anachronistic societies with similarly medieval modes of perception, out of synchrony with the present. Without any major challenge to this theory, the work presents, through a critical-analytical procedure, the reflection that this concept of neomedievalism can be mutatis mutandisalso applied to areas in process of colonization, also without a proper medieval past. Based on this idea, the work investigates the chronicles of colonial Brazil as an ideological and politically mobilized appropriation of the medieval bestiary literary tradition with a view to purposes not only of teleological foundation but also promotional in material and spiritual utilitarian terms. The work recognizes this promotional purpose through a comparative analysis of the perception of the animal world of the medieval bestiary vis-à-vis its reuse in the chronicles of colonial Brazil. ItemO bestiário medieval e a representação derrogatória do feminino: o exemplo do manuscrito de Cambridge(Maria Zaíra Turchi, 2006-06) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaIn medieval culture, the bestiaries dealed with animals of the most diverse species and nature. The bestiaries used to reveal, in a simbolic and figurative manner, a religious pragmatics characterized by its doutrinary and moral purpose. This study aims to examine that in the formation of that edifying purpose elements and aspects of the medieval mentality and its misogynistic culture take shape in instances which identify a truly gender discourse. This kind of discourse in the bestiaries, as for example in the manuscript of Cambridge (MS II. 4.26), places in a strategical and ideological perspective the representation of the feminine image of many of the animals considered in the manuscript. ItemO bestiário poético de Manoel de Barros em Arranjos para assobio(Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2021-07-16) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaThis article examines one of the most significant properties of Manoel de Barros’s poetic construction in Arranjos para assobio, namely, the re-signification of the symbolism of nature and of its animal kingdom which is sought in the bestiary medieval tradition. The article demonstrates through a comparative analysis that exist similarities between images and figuralities of Manoel de Barros’ poetry and the medieval bestiary which approach them in terms of vision and understanding of the World: the understanding that the wholeness of existence lies in the fragmentation of things and in the harmonies of their unusual approximations. ItemChristine de Pizan e Le livre de la cité des dames: pontos de releitura da visão tradicional da mulher(2011) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos Louzada ItemConsiderações sobre a simbologia do dragão, do elefante, da pantera e da pomba em Le bestiaire divin, de Guillaume le Clerc(2014-12) Franca, Vanessa Gomes; Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaPendant tout le Moyen Âge, nous trouvons de nombreux livres qui parlent des animaux: des fables, des encyclopédies, des traités de chasse. Parmi les textes de la littérature animalière médiéval, les bestiaires jouaient un rôle fondamental, car ils présentent les animaux comme symboles de significations morales et religieuses. Dans ce article, nous examinons quelques aspects de la symbologie du dragon, consideré comme une créature démonologique, ainsi que leur relation avec l’éléphant, la panthère et la colombe, créatures cristologiques, dans l’oeuvre Le bestiaire divin, de Guillaume le Clerc. ItemDante Alighieri e avoz feminina sobredeterminada: agonismo e fantasmagoria(2019-12) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos Louzada; Bottos Júnior, NorivalWomen are the central theme for Dante, from his first lyric poems to the Comedy. In this thematic perspective, through a comparative method and critical-theoretical analysis, this article examines the way in which the poet used the phantasmatic operation of courtlylove to annul the female voice of Beatrice in The New Life and how later on the Florentine lady resurfacedin the Comedy endowed with the masculine voice of the own Dante in constant process of self-listening. In this mimetic aspect, the article intends to conclude that Dante's poetics presents traces of emancipation from medieval aesthetics towards the modern. ItemDe Eva às damas de Christine de Pizan: desconstruindo a imagem da mulher na Idade Média(2020) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaThe unidirectional tendency of traditional historiography in the treatment of its objects of study leads to a certain impossibility in the investigation of gender relations in medieval studies, mainly in its articulation with the literary. The systemic orientation of this historiographical model, based on prerogatives of the so-called gender coloniality with its unrivaled androcentric worldview, has always been constituted of mental and rhetorical formations built and perpetuated by the strength of its origin and tradition. Intending to investigate/deconstruct some aspects of the construction of the femininereality within the scope of ideological and politically presented configurations in the Middle Ages, named “long” by Jacques Le Goff(2008), this paperexamines theissueof becoming woman in authors and works of the Middle Ages. To this end, it proceeds to a significant anthological rescue of medieval texts of fundamental importance for the treatment of this complex and controversial subject of medieval history and culture. In the course of this critical-deconstructive examination, covering the range from Eveto the ladies of Christine de Pizan's Le Livre de la Cité des Dames,the study analyzessome of the traces and foundations of the medieval misogyny in its relationship with Howard Bloch's romantic love, one of most interesting phenomena in the history of Western thought and culture. ItemO demoníaco no imaginário misógino e teratológico medieval: algumas representações(2020-06) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaIn the theory and criticism of the trope of demonization of women, her transformation in monstrous represents one of the most significant aspects of the configuration of medieval misogynist discourse. The article examines this process of teratological engendering of the medieval feminine based on the sayings of the Malleus maleficarum about the original relationship between woman and evil embodied in the witch or sorceress figure and her monstrous partnership with the Devil in the late Middle Ages. ItemDifamación y defensa de la mujer en la edad media: pasajes obligatorios(Heloísa Augusta Brito de Mello, 2011-06) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos Louzada ItemGênero e ludibrio em A demanda do Santo Graal(2014-12) Silva, Alessandra Fabrícia Conde da; Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaIn The Quest for the Holy Grail, a Portuguese text of the fifteenth century, there is the presence of many female and male characters who sometimes accept the rules of loving courtliness, sometimes violate the interdict. Morgana, the daughter of Queen Genevra and king Hippomenes’s daugheter, for instance, are women that did not impose limits to men, as claimed by the playful and regular ordinances of courtly love, according to the dictates of Andrew Chaplain, but instead they broke these rules. Galvam, Morderet, Tristram, Lancelot and many other knights are authentic violetors of the interdict. Some of these characters add to their action of breaking the courtliness protocols the practice of violence. Artur is first in this list of sexual savagery. Considering the stated above, this article aims to discuss how noble woman, in that ambiance of courtly love, was treated by the knights in The Quest for the Holy Grail, especially in the episode of Arthur, the little one, son born from the rape of King Arthur. ItemIdentidades bestiárias na colônia: monstruosidade, gender e ordem política na cronística portuguesa sobre o Brasil dos séculos XVI e XVII(Maria Zaíra Turchi, 2003-06) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos Louzada ItemInvenção mitopoética do mundo contemporâneo de A paixão, de Almeida Faria(2009-12) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaThis article examines the fictional creation of The passion (1965), first novel in Almeida Faria’s so called Lusitanian Tetralogy. Based on the mythical criticism, it studies the mythopoetic invention of the contemporary world represented in the novel. Also, it verifies that the author criticizes the Portuguese reality of tradition vis-à-vis revolutionary forces in the country in the 1970’s. In order to do so, he constructs the language and narrative of his novel based on the expressive and symbolic force of myth and its archetypical elements. Almeida Faria’s fictional creation defends the theoretical and critical point of view that literature can do historical criticism without been poetical. ItemO julgamento de Walter Brut: da apologia herética das mulheres à normatividade misógina da Igreja(2019) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaThis study analyzes passages of the documentation of the trial of Walter Brut indicted for heresy discussed and interpreted in the light of the normative theological doctrine of the time. This concept of legal regulation corresponds to the existence of multi-formative practices, especially in societies of complex and dynamic power struggle such as the medieval. However, when it comes to gender relations, the pursuit of the orthodox radicalism seems to be the path taken by the mentality of the Middle Ages. Based on these assumptions, the study examines, as a cornerstone of this cultural situation regarding gender in the late Middle Ages, the relationship between heresy, women’s apology, and misogyny exemplified in the controversial Treatise (1391) on the trial of Brut who was considered heretical for using the female competence and the defense of its public and religious rights as a practice that violates the misogynist religious canon prescribed for the control and domination of the women. ItemO julgamento de Walter Brut: da apologia herética das mulheres à normatividade misógina da igreja(2019) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaThis study analyzes passages of the documentation of the trial of Walter Brut indicted for heresy discussed and interpreted in the light of the normative theological doctrine of the time. This concept of legal regulation corresponds to the existence of multi-formative practices, especially in societies of complex and dynamic power struggle such as the medieval. However, when it comes to gender relations, the pursuit of the orthodox radicalism seems to be the path taken by the mentality of the Middle Ages. Based on these assumptions, the study examines, as a cornerstone of this cultural situation regarding gender in the late Middle Ages, the relationship between heresy, women’s apology, and misogyny exemplified in the controversial Treatise (1391) on the trial of Brut who was considered heretical for using the female competence and the defense of its public and religious rights as a practice that violates the misogynist religious canon prescribed for the control and domination of the women. ItemLa Cité des Dames e o triunfo das mulheres de Christine de Pizan: aspectos de uma cidade feminina fundada na demolição do legado da misoginia medieval(2020) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaFrom the perspective of an intertextual reading, this article aims to question and reflect about the idea of city in The City of Ladies, by Christine de Pizan, idealized in 1405. The purpose is to discuss the construction of this female city through a critical reading that gives a new meaning to the realities of women exposed by the ideology of the medieval misogyny. To this end, some themes and issues pertinent to views of representatives male figures of this medieval misogynist literary genre will be identified and discussed whose antifeminine pronouncements are present in the book. The article discusses as Christine de Pizan’s main contribution her originality in arguing and proposing the construction of a city favorable to the idea of inclusion and dialogue by and for women. It is a city designed to promote, through its example, the emancipation of women from the misogynistic yoke of the traditional male views. In this sense, pioneering and adventitious for its time, the metaphorical construction of Christine de Pizan’s City of Ladies resignifies the arcane symbolism of the female weaving of misogynistic shape to propose a possible female consciousness of the historical and cultural conditions of the women in those times of robust vernacular adaptations of the legacy of misogyny in the late literary Middle Ages. Mutatis mutandis, had it not been for the question of epistemological property, Christine de Pizan would have been, at the end of the Middle Ages, a voice of decoloniality of the hegemonic misogynistic discourse, if, as it will be seen, she had not reproduced in her discourse traditional ways and forms of being of the traditional discourse of the coloniality of women. ItemLispector e Colasanti: o erotismo na ficção brasileira de autoria feminina(Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2010-12-17) Borges, Luciana; Fonseca, Pedro Carlos LouzadaThis article aims to analyse short narratives in which the eroticism’s thematization consists of tension between shame and shameless in the act of narrating. It will analyse the construction of A via crucis do corpo (1974), by Clarice Lispector in correlation to the tale Menina de vermelho a caminho da Lua (1982; 1998), by Marina Colasanti. The narrator’s positions in relation to the topic told will be the guide of this study, once they appear, simultaneously, attracted by the subject and fearful about the facts that intend to compose in a narrative form. ItemLispector e Colasanti: o erotismo na ficção brasileira de autoria feminina(Heloísa Augusta Brito de Mello, 2010-06) Borges, Luciana; Fonseca, Pedro Carlos Louzada ItemLiteratura e fotografia: o anseio pela apreensão do instante(Maria Zaíra Turchi, 2008-06) Fonseca, Pedro Carlos Louzada; Sousa, Fábio D’abadia deIn this article, through a qualitative survey based upon a bibliographical research, the inter-relations between literature and still photography are examined, with the intention to discuss the main aspects of homology which can be verified between these two artistic forms, apparently so different from one another. Based on Susan Sontag’s (2004) statement that photography is closer to poetry than to any other art, it will be investigated the historical and aesthetic developments which allow such a relation, focusing the analysis in the literary production of the Portuguese poet Cesário Verde (1855-1886).