Mestrado em Projeto e Cidade (FAV)

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    Queda de demanda e pandemia da covid 19: uma análise do sistema de transporte público coletivo da Região Metropolitana de Goiânia
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-05-25) Xavier, Olmo Borges; Kneib, Érika Cristine;; Kneib, Érika Cristine; Orrico Filho, Rômulo Dante; Almeida, Cristiano Farias
    Collective public transport systems in Brazil faced a persistent crisis, which led to the loss of more than 50% of the demand for passengers transported between 1994 and 2019. The Covid-19 pandemic aggravated this scenario and even compromised the provision of this essential service to the urban population in some cities. In addition, the pandemic period exposed the fragility of sectoral policies, such as the costing model in which transport systems were anchored over the years, identified as one of the main factors of the low reliability and quality of service observed by passengers. Given this context, this research aims to understand the complexity involved in public transport systems, highlighting the demand for transported passengers and their relationship with the socioeconomic characteristics of municipalities. As a working hypothesis, it was assumed that these socioeconomic characteristics influenced the behavior of demand during the Covid-19 pandemic. The Metropolitan Region of Goiânia was adopted as a case study, which houses the Metropolitan Public Transport Network, with all its characteristics that make it relevant at the national level. As a methodology, it was decided to manipulate the thematic maps in a software of geographic information systems (GIS) and, subsequently, analyzes were elaborated from tables and dispersion graphs, using Pearson's statistical correlation. The results obtained were surprising, since it was not possible to prove the hypothesis raised, to the same extent that it showed the need to carry out more studies and research on the behavior of the demand for transported passengers.
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    Patrimônios afetivos no centro de Goiânia
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-05-23) Machado, Caroline Soares; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de;; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de; Boaventura, Deusa Maria Rodrigues; Mello, Fernando Antônio Oliveira
    This dissertation aims to identify affective heritage in Goiânia’s downtown, that is, to identify the places and buildings – institutionalized or not – that are most representative for the population of Goiânia and to apprehend their significance and meanings supported by affectivity. Our interest here is not limited by the largely known properties of cultural heritage but also its capacity of mobilizing some deep aspects of human subjectivity. It starts from the premise that the heritage of a city goes beyond legal and institutional matters, having its values supported, mainly, in the reasoning of the community that sustains them. In this way, the existing connections between the people of Goiânia and the central neighborhood are sought, both for officially recognized assets, and for those that are not object of preservation. The research adopts a qualitative method of approach, involving a conceptual theoretical survey, document analysis and field research, the last one being carried out through cartography and ethnography procedures, which aims to explore the places from a watchful and sensitive immersion, glimpsing affective possibilities. Then, the opening to new semantics of heritage, directly connected to appropriations and experiences contributes to the understanding of the downtown and also to its valuation and conservation by the community.
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    Relação da estrutura urbana e o processo da escolha da bicicleta como modo de transporte
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-07-31) Oliveira, Matheus Duarte de; Medrano, Ronny Marcelo Aliaga;; Almeida, Cristiano Farias;; Almeida, Cristiano Farias; Paiva, Mariana de; Kneib, Erika Cristine
    Considering the trends and the increase in debates about the use of the bicycle as a means of transportation, the question arises about how the built environment influences the decision-making process in the choice of the bicycle as a mode of displacement. Based on the conception of the modal choice process as a hybrid model between the classical theory of utility and the limited rational method, it is possible to affirm that the urban structure and its perception by society exert a direct influence on this process. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to identify how the characteristics of the built environment, socioeconomic activities and human subjectivity influence the choice of the bicycle as a means of regular transportation. Based on the hypothesis formulated and the established objectives, the main results revealed that the choice of modal is largely impacted by subjective norms, attitudes, behavioral control and perception of the built environment, especially in the case of female individuals and those who have children. In addition, it was found that the interviewed population negatively evaluates the infrastructures available for the use of bicycles, which highlights the need for greater investments to promote this means of displacement.
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    As outras faces da centralidade: periferias internas no bairro Jardim Goiás sob a ótica das narrativas populares
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-06-13) Silva, Bruna Santos da; Amaral, Camilo Vladimir de Lima;; Amaral, Camilo Vladimir de Lima; Pantaleão, Sandra Catharinne; Mello, Fernando Antonio Oliveira
    This work seeks to overcome the linear theories of centrality and periphery, exploring Jardim Goiás through cartographies and ethnographic techniques, with an approach in popular narratives. This aims to make visible experiences of segregation, here called internal peripheries, but which have been silenced by the dominant theories in the state of the art. Contemporary cities are structured in a segregated way, with serious social consequences. The theories of centrality and periphery, incorporated in simple geometries, do not account for the complexity of segregation relations, such as those that take place in Jardim Goiás. In what are seen as centralities by experts, there are also other internal peripheries. It is necessary a sensitive look at the other, with ethnographies and counter-hegemonic cartographies, which make it possible to unveil these other geometries. The research developed was based on techniques used in psychogeography, which is a methodology that studies the relationship of people with the spaces in which they live and the effects that the environments reflect on their social relations and emotions. The main one being drift, which founded the construction of counter-hegemonic cartographies of the places of study. Ethnographic techniques were also applied, such as semi-structured interviews in the Jardim Goiás neighborhood, a neighborhood located in the South of Goiânia and chosen as a cutout for the development of the research. Together, biographical surveys were carried out, the studies carried out were complemented with visual anthropology, in order to contribute to the popular narratives in the search for these other faces of the centralities and the existence of internal peripheries that structure the metropolis of Goiânia. Through the surveys in Jardim Goiás, three internal peripheries were found: We classified them as stigmatized, irregular and officialized peripheries, located respectively in the Olympic Building, in the core of Jardim Goiás and in Vila Lobó. These are areas marked by the presence of low-income people, social stigmas and, some of them, by the lack of basic infrastructure, health equipment and education. Because of these issues, they are no longer considered as part of the centrality that is Jardim Goiás. Given this, this research presents a theoretical study on centrality, in a complex and attentive way to the structures of contemporary segregation, which seeks to give more visibility to a population that is silenced in official history.
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    Não só do pau se fez Brasil: Sergio Rodrigues e o SR2
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-06-27) Ogawa, Wanderson Leão Afonso; Caixeta, Eline Maria Mora Pereira;; Caixeta, Eline Maria Mora Pereira; Pereira, Mafra Teixeira; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de
    It was May 1960 when, in the gardens of MAM Rio, the architect Sergio Rodrigues (1927-2014) presented, for the first time, the SR2 wood prefabrication system through a prototype executed in 1:1 scale and exposed to the public. from the public. Since the show, entitled Casa Individual Pré-Fabricada, several projects were developed by the professional in national and international territory until his death in 2014. Recognized for his furniture production, with signs of ‘brazilianness’ impregnated in his traits, Sergio Rodrigues develops a System constructive way to connect architecture with design and industry, in order to enable a solution to the housing problem of the “people”. Therefore, it is asked how the architect approaches these areas of knowledge through SR2 and responds to the wishes of its user(s). The dissertation aims to highlight this System and understand how it is used in its architectural production between the years 1960 to 1969, temporal arch of the first phase of SR2, with emphasis on 1962, the year in which the three cases analyzed by the research are inaugurated: the first accommodation at UnB, the second headquarters of the Iate Clube de Brasília and the first headquarters of the Country Clube de Goiás. Thus, to consider the crossings that this production establishes with the furniture developed by the architect since the creation of his furniture store, Oca, in 1954. Through a literature review, collection of material from the Sergio Rodrigues Institute collection and technical visits in the field, the work is developed from evidence observed and analyzed in Rodrigues' works and presented in three chapters: A Sergio who became Rodrigues; One System, Three Cases; Crossings.
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    Casa-lar: a percepção fenomenológica dos espaços de vivência do Vila Vida em Goiânia
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-05-10) Carrijo, Glauciene dos Santos; Mahler, Christine Ramos Mahler;; Mahler, Christine Ramos; Nascimento, Myrna de Arruda; Rezende, Wagner de Souza
    Senescence requires contributions of various kinds. Architecture and design, due to their attributions, have the mission of thinking about welcoming spaces for this social category with emphasis on their specificities and subjectivities. Long-stay institutions are institutionalized spaces of collective housing for the elderly with social vulnerability, until then seen as places of exclusion, many with characteristics of precariousness, loneliness and isolation of the elderly. However, there have been advances in public policies that regulate the offers of reception units, so that social vulnerability is no longer a requirement to enter these institutions, which are becoming increasingly attractive as a new concept of housing. With the aging of the population in Brazil, it is necessary to know the reality of the host institutions and the perception of them by the residents themselves. The objective of this research is to investigate how the architectural spaces of these institutions and their sensory attributes are able to influence the emotional aspect and quality of life of the elderly. Therefore, the research will use the phenomenological approach, emphasizing the relationship between user and environment. The qualitative method of case study of Vila Vida in Goiânia will be used for documentation and analysis, with the use of instruments to assess environmental perception, through reports (oral history) and photographic language. As a contribution, it is intended to stimulate studies on housing categories for the elderly, in addition to documenting and giving visibility to the home-home model applied in Vila Vida.
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    Enclaves periféricos de segregação socioespacial: região sudeste de Goiânia
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-05-31) Duarte, Jhonier Silva Santos; Rezende, Wagner de Souza;; Mahler, Christine Ramos;; Mahler, Christine Ramos; Rezende, Wagner de Souza; Castro, Luiz Guilherme Rivera de; Ramos, Gabriel Teixeira
    The work has as object of analysis the socio-spatial transformations in the Southeast region of Goiânia, planned capital of the state of Goiás, with an approach to its development as a peripheral space and with biases of representations of a socio-spatial segregation, highlighted by the perception of a double standard of peripheralization, with contrasting spatial models for high and low social classes, exemplified by the high-standard horizontal condominiums and low-income neighborhoods, respectively. The proposal, therefore, aims at analyzing and categorizing the production of urban space in this spatial clipping, initially through readings directed to research, with emphasis on conceptual investigation on the themes of centers, centralities, peripheries, urbanization, production of space, and socio-spatial segregation. Thus, a study will be made between the years 1970 and 2020, to show how the social production of space that formed it establishes a segregation between similiar and different spaces, and the complexities of this direct and indirect dispute between socio-spatial dynamics. For its development, methodological procedures will be made of bibliographic review in scientific bases and documentary research with official data and historical records, in addition to the method of urban analysis for a deepening of the Southeast region, with theoretical rebatements and empirical perceptions, provided by field surveys, photographic, in digital databases and cartography elaboration. The contribution of the research shows that when dealing with a city admittedly unequal, Goiânia, through one of its regions, presents in its urban development the same characteristic of the formation of its peripheries and the contradictions of the typologies of use and occupation of land and space in the perspective of socio-spatial segregation, in addition to the critical dimension that the study raises.
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    Outras escritas urbanas: o (in)visível como observador
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-05-19) Almeida, Rafael Tavares dos Santos; Amaral, Camilo Vladimir de Lima;; Amaral, Camilo Vladimir de Lima; Zuker, Fábio Ozias; Ferreira, Braulio Vinícius
    This dissertation aims to investigate the relationship between the homeless population and the city, with a focus on the social invisibility that surrounds these individuals. It is important to highlight that many people are experiencing homelessness, forming a growing contingent of vulnerable individuals who suffer the consequences of life production and reproduction within and outside the capitalist system. Social invisibility is a phenomenon that arises due to fetishistic and reifying relationships that place commodities as supreme, which obscures the reality of individuals. However, this scenario is paradoxical because the term "invisible" suggests something or someone that is not seen, which diverges from the high visibility of vulnerable individuals who are encountered daily. In this sense, the objective of this work is to explore the realm of social invisibility and understand how collective intersubjective erasure occurs in the city. To achieve this objective, a qualitative approach is adopted with theoretical and methodological foundations in ethnomethodology. Two tools created from ethnomethodology are used: flâneur listening as a research method and countertaxonomy as a presentation of the results. Flâneur listening consists of listening to the stories of people experiencing homelessness in random encounters, focusing on the homeless population residing in the city of Goiânia. Based on the analysis of social invisibility, an exploration of the city's blind spots is proposed by identifying different characteristics of characters and spaces, their openings, their representations, their limits, and possibilities, understanding them as blind spots of the city where alternative possibilities take hold. To accomplish this, the construction of a countertaxonomy is essential - an inverse deductive movement - one that names certain types of invisibility so that after naming them, it becomes possible to identify characteristics and similarities that apply to the invisible. Additionally, the intention is to analyze the agency promoted by these spaces and reflect on the extent to which they constitute counter-hegemonic architectures and alternatives for inhabiting. The perspective of this dissertation departs from a deconstruction of the blind spots of hegemonic phenomenology, allowing an analysis of the unseen and considering the subjective experiences of these invisibilized subjects in their lived and shared world, as well as the meanings they attribute to their experiences related to the city. It is important to emphasize that both the city and modernity produce a society of disappearance, where not only does the concrete body vanish, leaving traces throughout the city, but it goes further and replaces it with that which is made to be seen. Thus, this research seeks to contribute to the understanding of the relationship between the homeless population and the city, as well as the broader debate on social invisibility and its implications in contemporaneity
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    Agricultura urbana e sustentabilidade ambiental das cidades
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-05-31) Azerêdo, David Alves Finotti Camardelli de; Hora, Karla Emmanuela Ribeiro;; Kallas, Luana Miranda Esper; Silva, Caio Frederico e; Lima, Fabíolla Xavier Rocha Ferreira
    The study of urban agriculture has occupied research agendas in recent times. It is justified both by food production and occupation generation, and by aiming at the elaboration of diversified models of urban intervention for the formation of resilient cities in a context of climate change. To reflect on this theme, we start with the following questions: How can urban agriculture contribute to the development of resilient cities? What can the AUP experience in 11 cities tell us about the context of urban planning? In terms of the environment, does urban agriculture contribute to reducing carbon emissions? Therefore, the general objective of this dissertation aimed to understand urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) as an environmental resilience strategy in the context of urban planning. The analysis considered UPA practices in eleven cities on different continents, with details for the municipality of Goiânia, state of Goiás. Goiânia has been slowly outlining actions to implement the UPA based on popular and institutionalized practices. Aspects were considered in the analysis, such as: land use, socioenvironmental viability and public policy institutionalization strategies. In terms of the environment, the research explored methodologies for evaluating the reduction of carbon emissions that could be applied to the UPA. The methodology was based on a bibliographic review, documentary research and an exploratory study on the reduction of carbon emissions for the reality of Goiânia. Environmental sustainability was understood as the support capacity, resilience and resistance of ecosystems. The results indicate that, among the 11 cases studied, the multifunctional role of the AUP and its environmental role in cities stand out. Regarding the contribution of urban agriculture in building urban resilience, its partial contribution is verified as a potential action in reducing CO2 emissions due to the shortening of distances during the transport of these foodstuffs. But this measure depends on government regulations and incentives to occur.
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    Patrimônio à deriva? Revisitando o tombamento no centro de Goiânia
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-05-17) Morais, Vitor de Souza; Mello, Fernando Antonio Oliveira;; Mello, Fernando Antonio Oliveira; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de; Cid, Gabriel da Silva Vidal
    No século XX importantes questões e documentos foram formulados no campo das práticas patrimoniais estimuladas, por teorias e congressos internacionais que visavam a proteção de bens com valores históricos e artísticos. Essas práticas ressoaram na criação de órgãos de preservação dos patrimônios e na elaboração de diretrizes para tal. Nessa pesquisa, se debate o processo de tombamento dos bens edificados no Brasil, tendo o setor central de Goiânia como estudo. A cidade projetada na década de 1930, teve parte de seus bens tombados em 2003 pelo Iphan. A seleção desses bens parece basear-se na narrativa oficial, corroborando com apenas um lado do discurso político da época, balizada pelos antigos “valores eruditos” dos monumentos e alheio ao envolvimento da comunidade. Relação que evidencia, além da problemática de se eleger bens para consolidar uma única história, uma condição paradoxal que envolve os sentidos distintos do que é lido como patrimônio pelos órgãos de chancela e de como esses bens parecem ser abandonados após a ação. Discute-se esse fenômeno frente a definições de patrimônio, história, memória e modernidade, confrontando o Processo de Tombamento do Acervo de Goiânia, enquanto mecanismo de preservação e reconhecimento dos valores históricos e culturais dessa parte da cidade. Como suporte metodológico utilizou-se, de pesquisa bibliográfica para revisão das definições conceituais sobre o patrimônio, preservação, a instituição dos órgãos de proteção no contexto brasileiro e a contextualização da problemática de Goiânia. A análise documental foi empregada a partir do Processo de Tombamento 1.500-T-02, enquanto fonte primária da outorga dos bens arquitetônicos, que revelam os valores reconhecidos pelo poder público como patrimônio na cidade. Entrevistas foram realizadas com técnicos e especialistas que participaram da elaboração do Dossiê de Tombamento, e com outros que atuam nas instâncias de preservação desses bens, para compreender o papel de cada entidade, frente à condição patrimonial. A investigação no Setor Central, ocorreu a partir de pesquisas em jornais e periódicos locais, para contrastar os processos de renovação, tombamento e a condição atual dos referidos bens, associando-os com a formulação teórica realizada no primeiro momento. Investigação que proporcionou a visão sobre a ausência da interlocução entre as instâncias de proteção, assim como a falta de atribuição de usos específicos, sociais e que integrem os bens em uma rotina da vida urbana, proporcionando, na maior parte dos bens edificados da cidade, um patrimônio à deriva. Resumo em língua estrangeira: In the 20th century important questions and documents were formulated in the field of heritage practices stimulated by theories and international conferences aimed at protecting assets with historical and artistic values. These practices echoed in the creation of heritage preservation bodies and in the elaboration of guidelines for this purpose. In this research, the process of listing buildings in Brazil is debated, having the central sector of Goiânia as a study. The city, designed in the 1930s, had part of its assets listed in 2003 by Iphan. The selection of these assets seems to be based on the official narrative, corroborating only one side of the political discourse at the time, guided by the ancient “scholarly values” of the monuments and oblivious to the involvement of the community. A relationship that highlights, in addition to the problem of choosing assets to consolidate a single story, a paradoxical condition that involves the different meanings of what is read as heritage by the sealing bodies and how these assets seem to be abandoned after the action. This phenomenon is discussed in light of definitions of heritage, history, memory and modernity, confronting the Process of Listing of the Collection of Goiânia, as a mechanism for preserving and recognizing the historical and cultural values of this part of the city. As a methodological support, bibliographical research was used to review the conceptual definitions about heritage, preservation, the institution of protection bodies in the Brazilian context and the contextualization of the problem in Goiânia. The documentary analysis was used from the Listing Process 1.500-T-02, as the primary source of the granting of architectural assets, which reveal the values recognized by the public authorities as heritage in the city. Interviews were carried out with technicians and specialists who participated in the elaboration of the Listing Dossier, and with others who work in the instances of preservation of these assets, in order to understand the role of each entity, in view of the patrimonial condition. The investigation in the Central Sector took place based on research in local newspapers and periodicals, in order to contrast the processes of renovation, listing and the current condition of the referred assets, associating them with the theoretical formulation carried out in the first moment. Investigation that provided insight into the lack of dialogue between protection instances, as well as the lack of attribution of specific, social uses that integrate the goods into a routine of urban life, providing, in most of the city’s-built assets, a drift asset.
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    Paisagem e patrimônio: o caso da Vila Industrial em Anápolis – GO
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-05-12) Calaça Júnior, Mário Pinto; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de;; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de; Mello, Fernando Antônio Oliveira; Pereira, Maíra Teixeira
    The industry and railroad are part of the history of the city of Anápolis/GO - a city located between Brasília/DF and Goiânia/GO - and have contributed to the economic advancement and the desire for progress of the city’s residents. As it developed, several buildings related to these activities were built, especially in Vila Industrial (a neighborhood where industry and the railroad converge) – such as a mill, industrial warehouses and a railway station. In this sense, the objective is to identify whether in the aforementioned neighborhood there is a built complex that can be part of an industrial heritage collection, understanding its relevance in the urban landscape and what relationship Anapolinos have with it. For this, it was necessary, methodologically, to outline some paths such as: the historical survey, contemplating the trajectory of the railroad and industry in Anápolis, as well as the history of the neighborhood and the consolidation of its urban landscape, through research in archives and city periodicals; the theoretical-conceptual bibliographic review, with contributions to guide the research; finally, the field survey with recognition of the landscape of the neighborhood, together with the application of questionnaires with Anapolinos that contemplates the proposed subjects. In the end, it was possible to understand the place of Anápolis in front of its built set, especially the industrial one – being able to consider it subject to patrimonial recognition.
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    Apartamento como objeto de consumo: representações materiais e simbólicas
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-08-31) Santos, Juliana Durando; Lima, Fábio Ferreira de;; Lima, Fábio Ferreira de; Ferreira, Bráulio Vinicius; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de
    To what extent are communication strategies used for sales of real estate products, in the city of Goiânia, able to impact and influence buyers' consumption modes? Seeking the answer to this questioning, the work is found for some discoveries by the materiality of the original product. By analyzing the advertising material and the production of the apartment presented, it can be used in the sales strategy, if you find points that confirm the duality: it is a danger that brings cultural characteristics, at the same time that it is a consumer product capable of moving the real estate and interior architecture market. Since, therefore, the product aims at this dual – and objective – characteristic, it becomes important to seek back the course in which the greatest effort is in the sense of adapting the production of the product to the demands of users and the city.
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    Aspectos bioclimáticos da arquitetura moderna de Goiânia: uma análise de exemplares residenciais projetados no período de 1950 a 1980
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2020-03-11) Araújo, Larissa Rodrigues; Hora, Karla Emmanuela Ribeiro;; Abreu-Harbich, Loyde Vieira de;; Abreu-Harbich, Loyde Vieira de; Oliveira, Janes Cleiton Alves de; Teixeira, Carla Fernanda Barbosa; Hora, Karla Emmanuela Ribeiro
    In the historical context of architectural production, modernist architecture manifested in Brazil with a concern to adapt the building to the local reality, incorporating several characteristics, including climate control mechanisms that are related to the principles of bioclimatic architecture. Considering the importance of adapting buildings to the conditions of the climate in which they are inserted, this work aims to analyze the relation between the principles and strategies of bioclimatic architecture and the design solutions adopted in examples of modernist residences in the city of Goiânia-GO. To this end, three buildings were selected, among those already mentioned in previous works, which became the object of study. Initially, the residences were analyzed in a descriptive way, verifying their characteristics, the adaptation strategies present and how they perform in relation to the local climate conditions. Then, the residences were analyzed in a quantitative way through computer simulations elaborated in the DesignBuilder® software, in which the results obtained regarding the operating temperature of the original situation of the residence were compared with other scenarios in which adaptation strategies were changed or removed. The scenarios were: changing the composition of the walls, removing shading elements and changing roof components. This allowed to verify and quantify the influence of such strategies on the thermal performance of the building. From the descriptive and quantitative analyzes made, several positive solutions were revealed, which are related to bioclimatic strategies and enabled effective improvements in the thermal performance of the homes. However, solutions that were inappropriate for the city's climate and that affected the thermal performance were also found. The study proved to be important to disseminate good design practices for adapting to the climate of architectural production in the modern period and, thus, to contribute to future building projects that enhance the use of bioclimatic principles when applying them properly, enabling the optimization of building thermal performance.
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    Análise sistêmica do modo ativo: a busca pela priorização da acessibilidade ativa nas centralidades urbanas
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-12-15) Lopes, Flávia Cirqueira Rodrigues; Kneib, Érika Cristine;; Kneib, Érika Cristine; Ribeiro, Rômulo José da Costa; Almeida, Cristiano Farias
    The urbanization process in Brazil focused on individual motorized transport, strengthening the urban sprawl, the dispersed and disconnected spatial structure. This situation disfavors the mode of active displacements, walking and cycling. Recently, the scope of scientific research on sustainable mobility has been strengthened in academia and public policy. That said, this work deals with the new scientific paradigm, based on the General Systems Theory, which makes it possible to analyze mobility as a system, evidencing the integrality of the phenomenon from the interactions between its subsystems and elements of composition. Therefore, the active mode is characterized as a subsystem, with specific elements and interactions, which are related to the whole of urban mobility. From the National Urban Mobility Policy, which establishes the prioritization of the active mode, the construction of this system becomes relevant, since it makes it possible to understand the mutual interactions of the elements and with the external environment, so that public policies are more assertive in the prioritize active accessibility. As a methodology, a bibliographic review, a systematic review were used and, from the systemic analysis, the active mode system was built and its structures identified. As the main result, it was found that the prioritization of active accessibility is conditioned to the integration of the active mode system, that is, the elements of transport, land use and management. Moreover, it turned out that there are structures in the system that can be triggered by public policy stimuli.
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    A influência da arborização urbana no conforto térmico de pedestres e ciclistas no microclima urbano: caso da av. Universitária de Goiânia-GO
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2021-12-16) Roriz, Júlia Wilson de Sá; Abreu-Harbich, Loyde Vieira de;; Hora, Karla Emmanuela Ribeiro;; Hora, Karla Emmanuela Ribeiro; Abreu-Harbich, Loyde Vieira de; Labaki, Lucila Chebel; Kallas, Luana Miranda Esper
    The expansion of cities promotes changes in the urban climate, due to the replacement of natural vegetation cover by buildings and street pavements. Vegetation shading for pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles is able to reduce the incidence of radiation on urban soil, minimize air temperature, increase soil and air humidity, promoting greater thermal comfort and well-being for people. In addition to the beautification of the streets, urban afforestation softens the difference between architectural components and green areas. Considering these elements, this study aims to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the improvement of thermal comfort provided by different plant specimens on the cycle path of Av. Universitária in Goiânia - GO. For this, two sections of this urban bike path were considered: one with palm trees and the other with trees. The methodology consisted of: (a) selection of measurement sites; (b) field data collection; (c) interviews with bicycle lane passers-by; (d) analysis of results. Two sections of the Av. Universitária bike path were selected: one with Monguba (Pachira aquatica Aubl.) and Sibipiruna (Cenostigma pluviosum (DC) E. Gagmon & GP Lewis) trees and another with Guariroba (Syagrus oleracea (mart.) Becc) palm trees. The research was based on the collection of meteorological data - air and globe temperature, relative humidity and wind speed - were collected during six days under the shade of plant specimens and in the sun and in the interview with users of the bike path. About this, 148 users were interviewed about the sensation of thermal comfort. The data allowed the calculation of thermal comfort by the PET index (Physiologically Equivalent Temperature) and by the UTCI (Universal Thermal Comfort Index) and the analysis of the influence of obstacles in the immediate surroundings were calculated by the RayMan Pro software. The most comfortable stretch had the presence of the Sibipiruna species that reduced the air temperature by up to 6.8oC, with an average radiant temperature at 3.7ºC, PET at 11ºC and UTCI at 10ºC. About 34% of the people interviewed claimed to be in thermal comfort under the shade of trees and 14.4% under the shade of palm trees. Despite the grouping of Guarirobas providing thermal comfort to the user of cycle paths, the benefits provided by a grouping of trees such as the Sibipiruna species (C. pluviosum) were greater. It was concluded, therefore, that the morphological characteristics among the plant specimens generate different shading areas, distinctly influencing the microclimate.
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    Análise sistêmica de impactos de anéis viários na mobilidade e na estrutura espacial urbana: um estudo de caso na região metropolitana de Goiânia
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-02-18) Souza, Suelen Cristina dos Santos de; Kneib, Érika Cristine;; Kneib, Érika Cristine; Kallas, Luana Miranda Esper; Portugal, Licínio da Silva
    To respond a specific need of the transportation system, the ring roads are intended to improve intra-urban traffic, diverting the flow of people and loads. However, like highways, they act in the spatial structuring of territories, providing accessibility, integrating or segregating them. Without multidisciplinary planning, they may provide a temporary improvement in the flow of motorized traffic, but later tend to spatially transform the territory, causing disperse occupation. When this happens, the highway may be absorbed by the local traffic and become an intra-urban flow street, contrary to its implementation objectives. This causes the need to build new concentric outermost ring roads, in a cycle of road multiplication. This practice has its essence in the analytical/specialist approach, which understands planning in a fragmented way when it operates transportation planning separate from territorial planning and implements highways in isolation from other management departments. The research aims, therefore, to identify and analyze in a systemic approach the existing relations between ring roads, mobility and urban spatial structure, creating a methodological procedure for the construction of this subsystem. It is understood that the elements and relations therein reflect its potential impact trends. It is justified by the need for a change in the planning approach, more systemic and articulated among road rings, mobility and urban spatial structure. General Systems Theory is used as a fundamental tool in the methodology approach, that has an exploratory nature and uses systematic and bibliographic review and cartographic analysis. To apply the method, the Metropolitan Region of Goiânia was chosen, in which a section of the proposed ring road was analyzed. As results, a subsystem was identified whose elements and interactions reflect the impacts sought, diagrammed in a network. Although exemplary, the sample identified reveals crucial points of the planning that must receive attention to fulfill the intended purpose, considering the territorial, environmental, political-social and transportation impacts.
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    Bairro, futebol e territorialidades: Campinas e o Atlético clube goianiense
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2018-08-17) Prado, Cristina Maria Costa; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de;; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de; Campos, Yussef Daibert Salomão de; Boaventura, Deusa Maria Rodrigues
    Campinas was a village that belonged to the city of Goiânia and it was chosen to support the construction of the new city. The village was incoorporatted to the city becoming a disctrict. This fact brought a variety of modifications to the urban landscape and to the cultural aspects. In this way some tradittions were lost and the way of life have given space to to the news ones. In this role of losses some territorialities stand out and are fundamentals as support of memory of the district and apparatus for the Campinas identity. One of those is the soccer team “Atletico Clube Goianiense”, which arised in the middle of Campinas in 1937 but doesn’t belongs to the adiministrative limito f the district. It was a fundamental element as way of manifestation the rivality between Goiânia and Campinas in the capital development period. Contributing, then, to the mainnantance of the traditions and the simbolic elements of the Society of Campinas. The soccer team had lived glorious moments and decadence with the unconditional support of its crowd, specially when they saw themseves in the eminence of loose its greater patrimony the Antonio Accioly Stadium. Hence, this study had the goal of understand who is the Atletic fan and how his territoriality performs the function of memory transmitter and part of the identity construction of the district. In this way, sought for authors that have explored the territory, terriotarialities and reterritorialities issues. As well as it was searched for author that have discussed identity andmemory aspects about rites and symbols and another pertinent issues. The etonographic exercise, the taxonomic classifications and oral sources were chosen as instruments for this discussion.
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    Operação urbana consorciada: um instrumento de indução do desenvolvimento urbano ou financeirização da cidade?
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-03-14) Cardoso, Cayrene Maria Souza; Kallas, Luana Miranda Esper;; Kallas, Luana Miranda Esper; Kneib, Érika Cristine; Lira, Flaviana Barreto
    The present work deals with the Consortium Urban Operation (OUC), an instrument instituted by the City Statute (Lei nº 10.257/2001), whose purpose is to enable structural and urban transformations in certain urban sections, through the association of various actors. Currently, most Brazilian municipalities apply the instrument's regulation. However, despite the wide acceptance, several challenges are presented when reconciling the interest of the agents involved and the strategies of the real estate market in an urban intervention project. The main objective of this research is to analyze whether the OUC works as an instrument inducing urban development and/or as an inducer of the financialization of the city, contributing to the production of gentrifiable urban spaces. For this, the methodology relied on a bibliographic and documentary survey, with conceptual and historical identification of the institutionalization of the instrument in Brazil. The research also includes a conceptual survey and definitions of the themes “financialization”, “urban development” and “gentrification”. Furthermore, in order to understand the connection of these phenomena with the instrument, it was necessary to analyze two case studies, namely: Urban Operation Consortium Faria Lima in São Paulo and the proposal for Urban Operation Consortium of Jardim Botânico in Goiânia. As main results, it is pointed out that, although it is formalized nationally, the local definition given by the municipality, based on specific proposals, favors the heterogeneity of the instrument. With regard to the debate on financialization and gentrification, it is observed in the analyzed experiences, the use of the instrument more focused on the notion of land as a financial asset, and not for the recovery of public investments and reinvestment from the perspective of the social function of society. ownership and social inclusion.
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    Makerspaces: experiências inovadoras em processos de projeto de arquitetura e design
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-04-18) Bastos Neto, Lauderico Ferreira; Lima, Fabio Ferreira de;; Lima, Fabio Ferreira de; Caldas, Lucas Rosse; Cruz Júnior, Gelson da
    This research proposes to understand the collaborative spaces of innovation promotion, the makerspaces, and how their use can represent an innovative experience in Design and Architecture project processes. The aim of this study is to think on how makerspaces can contribute as spaces of renovation and experimentation of design processes, with their applicability in Design and Architecture. It also seeks to understand the role of makerspaces, highlighting their potentials as from the experiments developed in these spaces, and their ability to promote design processes. When developing rapid prototypes, which aim to demonstrate how such space can be important in design processes at the scales of Architecture and Design, object design and wrapper architecture. The research unfolds in two moments: the first, in a qualitative way, a bibliographic review and the observation of built spaces of the makerspaces type are carried out. In the second, physical and digital prototypes are implemented, through experimental research, analyzing subjective issues inherent to contemporary design processes, their relationship with the technologies available in makerspaces and their attempts at technological innovation. Therefore, the organization of the research starts from both the bibliographic review (books, theses, dissertations, papers) and documental (standards and documents), aiming at understanding the processes of some Design and Architecture offices and their subsequent experimental reproduction. It is expected that the results obtained with this research can contribute to the theoretical debate about the project processes in design and architecture and their possible consequences. Furthermore, to contribute to the improvement of the contents and methodologies adopted in the creative processes by Design and Architecture professionals.
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    O espaço público concebido, vivido e percebido no centro de Goiânia
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2022-02-23) Camargo, Aline Gracino; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de;; Oliveira, Adriana Mara Vaz de; Resende, Sandra Catherinne Pantaleão; Mello, Fernando Antônio Oliveira
    In the 20th century, changes in the understanding of time and space transformed urban space. The contemporary city conditions its inhabitants to a way of life mediated by spectacularization, at the same time that subversive tendencies appropriate and occupy the city everyday. These tendencies acquire different names, they can be known as tactics (CERTEAU, 1994), counter-uses (LEITE, 2001), prohibited uses (SERPA, 2007). This work aims to understand how dynamics of appropriation of public spaces in the city center of Goiânia from three dimensions of analysis of spaces raised by Lefebvre (1992): representations of space (conceived space), the practice of space (lived space) and spaces of representation (perceived space). To this end, it analyzes built particulars of space (conceived space), the relations of use and appropriation (lived space) and the set of practices, images and imaginary (perceived space). With the use of psychogeographic and cartographic drift, as the main methodological instruments, this research intends to investigate the characteristics, by whom and in what way the spaces in the center of Goiânia are appropriated, revealing their particularities. The study of these circumstances aims to understand the urban space from a sensitive methodology, which demands and esteems the contact with the daily life of the city. The reflections are based on the historical processes that acted in the conformation of public spaces in the center of Goiânia and, above all, based on the experiences lived in the daily life of the city, through the cartographic drift.