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    Geografia e diversidade: gênero, sexualidades, etnicidades e racialidades
    (2016) Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio; Costa, Benhur Pinós da; Silva, Joseli Maria; Ornat, Marcio Jose; Silva, Maria das Graças Silva Nascimento; Silva, Susana Maria Veleda da
    This paper analyzes the theoretical and methodological contributions made by the “Geography and Diversity: Gender, Sexualities, Ethnicities and Racialities” Working Group regarding scientific production within the field of Brazilian geography. The main focus of this study was the thirty-eight papers discussed at the Eleventh National Meeting of the National Association of Postgraduate studies in Geography (ENANPEGE), which was held in 2015 in the Brazilian city of Presidente Prudente. In addition, the written records of the proceeding of ENANPEGE of 2011 and 2013 were studied in order to understand the transformation in scientific approaches that has occurred during recent years. The methodology that was adopted was to create a database capable of organizing the texts in terms of keywords, themes, social groups, authorship, and geographical concepts and trends in terms of the epistemology of feminist geographies. Compared to the previous meetings, the idea of what constitutes geography discussed by the Working Group in 2015 was more complex and more diverse in terms of the understanding of the issue of gender. Moreover, the diversity of groups and issues that were discussed was also more diverse.
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    Geografia da diferença: diferenciações socioespaciais e raciais
    (2016-06) Ferreira, Danilo Cardoso; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    The complexity of the modern world, made from their differences, requires a science observation and understanding from the totality of the phenomena studied, once understood that social differences are recognized and associated with race. The aim of this paper is to associate the readings on the difference and socio-spatial differentiation, combined with the racial dimension to urban studies in Brazil. For thism, the route of it, some readings were revisited, that are references to research on Brazilian cities to then point the same phenomena combined and identified with the racial dimension which was once veiled in geographical science. Finally, it is purpose of this paper to highlight the socio and racial discussion to effectively for the better understanding of the differences and social classes that were commonly understood only by class readings, without observing the characteristics of the subjects involved in this process as the racial debate.
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    A diferença negra e indígena no território: observações acerca de Fortaleza e do Ceará
    (2016-06) Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    Este artículo se ocupa de la presencia diferencial negra y indígena en el territorio correspondiente al estado de Ceará en dos planos: lo simbólico y territorial. La primera parte trata de una observación de las marcas de espacio del colonialismo en las zonas urbanas de las ciudades brasileñas, centrándose en Fortaleza, y la otra analiza el escenario de reaparición política que se remonta a la década de 1990. El trabajo se elaboró en base a rutas de senderismo a través de la capital y en estudios bibliográficos interdisciplinarios.
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    O processo de territorialização do quilombo do Rosa, Macapá-AP
    (2017-12) Silva, David Junior de Souza; Ratts, Alecsando José Prudencio
    This article analyzes the recent process of territorialization of the quilombo do Rosa, thematizing this process from the point of view of the alliances with close social actors that the group promotes to strengthen itself and to effect its territorialization; In this way territorialization and territoriality will be analyzed jointly and critically in the mutual determination they exercise among themselves. The methodology consists of ethnography carried out with the community in the year 2017. In the territoriality of Rosa, we have alliances of a political character, festive-emotive-identity, of a material-economic character. The creation of this network of relationships in different directions and dimensions of social reality, with centrality and protagonism - sometimes shared - in the group itself testify to the broad scope and multifaceted nature of the group's territoriality. The new territoriality created by the group is due to be the support of its new process of territorialization.
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    Estudo das disciplinas sobre gênero e sexualidade na formação inicial de professores e professoras de geografia
    (2017-12) Faria, Ruan Pinheiro do Nascimento; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    En medio de las actuales discusiones políticas sobre la educación y el currículo, promovemos en el marco del curso de formación inicial en Geografía, el debate sobre la diversidad sexual, sobre todo la noheterosexual, presente entre estudiantes, docentes y funcionarios del espacio escolar. El objetivo del estudio es investigar la presencia de disciplinas en el currículo de geografía que abordan temas de género y sexualidad. Con el foco en el espacio escolar, observamos que las relaciones de poder de la heteronormatividad son institucionalizadas sin cuestionamientos en la práctica diaria escolar. Siendo percibido por los movimientos sociales, los estudios de género y sexualidad estuvieron en el corazón de discusiones sobre la educación brasileña, incluyendo la geografía para el reconocimiento e inserción de la temática en sus abordajes.
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    As mulheres e a rua: entre o medo e as apropriações feministas da cidade de Goiânia, Goiás
    (2017-07) Machado, Talita Cabral; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    El estudio realizado con mujeres feministas busca comprender la forma en que se apropian delas calles de la ciudad y pensar las diferencias de género, raza y sexualidad por intermedio de sus experiencias vividas en estos lugares. La metodología adoptada utiliza las narrativas de las líderes feministas en la ciudad de Goiânia a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas. A pesar dela sensación de miedo cuando están en las calles, las mujeres ocupan colectivamente estos espacios, a través de diferentes acciones. Las apropiaciones se dan a partir de su experiencia,en la que construyen simultáneamente sus identidades feministas y los feminismos. En una relación con y entre los lugares, las mujeres los crean y recrean
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    Diferenças e identidades culturais no espaço geográfico escolar: (re)pensando a formação de professores e professoras de geografia
    (2018-09) Carvalho, José Rodrigues de; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    This article presents a doctoral research in progress about difference and cultural identity in initial and continuing training of teachers of Geography, specifically the etnicorraciais and regional issues. This is a bibliographic study and field held in municipality of Redenção, PA/Brazil, with the following itinerary: survey of methodological articles, dissertations and theses in electronic databases, such as scientific journals, websites of graduate programs in geography and platform Sucupira/Capes. Books complemented the sources. The systematization of the visions of the authors resulted in a concept map that shows the need for greater attention to Geography with the identity and difference in the school space.
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    Corporeidade e diferença na Geografia Escolar e na Geografia da Escola: uma abordagem interseccional de raça, etnia, gênero e sexualidade no espaço educacional
    (2016) Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    This article is made up of reflections that emerge in the context of studies and researches with the question of the difference – ethnic, racial, gender and sexual – in the field of geography and related areas, some of them focused on educational processes and spaces. Initially, we articulated the ethnic-racial, gender and sexuality issues with school geography in the critical and “post-critical” perspectives. Subsequently, we reflect the difference and the intersectional approach that articulate brands or markers, in view of race relations, feminist and queer studies. We also approach body and corporality in spatial analysis and bring some cases reported by newspapers in schools. In the end, we propose some points of discussion about the theme in face of social demands.
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    Geografia e discursos acerca de identidades e diferenças no espaço escolar em Redenção, Pará
    (2019-09) Carvalho, José Rodrigues de; Souza, Vanilton Camilo de; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    From interviews with teachers, this article seeks to analyze discourses of teachers and teachers of Geography about the identities and ethnic and regional differences in the school space. The text is part of in progress research the doctoral level. It attempts to comprehend how identity and differences are discursively built at school space and which mechanisms are implied in its constructions, as to determine the valorization of some in detriment of others. School space is considered as the place of relations, meaning of belonging and identity building of school subjects and cultural alterity experiences. Semi-structured interviews were adopted as qualitative proceedings to elaborate main data. It is noticed that teachers enunciates are intercepted by ethnic and regional differences that emerge on school daily life, which, however, find little space of reflection and debate. Thus, it is considered relevant that Geography teaching for future teachers prioritize approaches that notice and enriches school space plurality.
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    A cidade das mulheres feministas
    (2019-12) Machado, Talita Cabral; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    The objective of this article is to understand the trajectories of feminist women in the city of Goiânia, Goiás and the spatiality of the movements to which they belong. We have specific objectives: to present the correlations between the women, feminist and other movements (black, LGBTT, etc.) in which the militants interviewed participate; to resume a narrative about the emergence of feminist groups in the city; and understand the complexity of women's self-declared identities and their actions. Women's and / or feminist movements are a transnational thematic network that encompasses local, regional, national and international movements and intertwines with other networks of social movements. The groups of the feminist movements are collectives of women, who with their identities are related to construct themselves and actions that interfere in the emancipation of other women and that make possible the fight for recognitions.
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    A questão étnica e/ou racial no espaço: a diferença no território e a geografia
    (2020-12) Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    This paper is based on a group of studies, researchs, readings, observations and interventions. The main aim is to problematize the epistemological place of the ethnic and racial question in geographic science based on its modernity-coloniality and considering the Brazilian society in the world-system - focusing on black collectivities, quilombolas and indigenous peoples. I initially approached geography as a modern-colonial science, whose narrative of formation has little connection with colonization and colonialism and, even less, with the racial issue. Next, I make considerations about race and ethnicity within the framework of the modern-colonial world-system, the focus is given on French authors. In the sequence, I indicate two tendencies of Brazilian geographers: 1. Those that glimpsed the ethnic and/or racial issue, but not discussed it; 2. Those who work directly with the themes and identified themselves with the field of research. Finally, I summarise some points to think about the issues of difference - ethnic and racial - as an agenda for geographic studies for social transformations and epistemological displacements.
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    A África nos cursos de geografia: uma experiência de pesquisa participante em sala de aula
    (2020-06) Mendes, Raquel Almeida; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    El presente trabajo en progreso tiene como objetivo principal discutir la enseñanza del tema África y la diáspora africana en Geografía, específicamente en el campo de la formación docente. Esta es una investigación participativa exploratoria y cualitativa, resultante de observaciones relacionadas con la práctica docente en la disciplina "Temas en Geografía Humana: Geografía de África" en el Instituto de Estudios Socioambientales en la Universidad Federal de Goiás. La construcción del trabajo se lleva a cabo a través de referencias bibliográficas en el contexto de estudios sobre currículos, relaciones raciales y geografía de África, así como el análisis de menús, planes de enseñanza y observaciones en el aula. Tomando como base las metodologías e inferencias en el curso de la investigación, entendemos que es necesario tener un mayor respeto por las agendas relacionadas con África y las relaciones raciales en Geografía, rompiendo así con la percepción eurocéntrica / colonial que a veces hace invisible el tema de las africanidades en la ciencia geográfica, esta ciencia que presenta innumerables potencialidades de enfoques sobre el tema en cuestión.
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    A Geografia na Base Nacional Comum Curricular: reflexões sobre a temática africana e afro-brasileira na etapa do ensino fundamental
    (2021-06) Mendes, Raquel Almeida; Ratts, Alecsandro José Prudêncio
    Tel presente trabajo busca identificar, a través de la Base Nacional Común Curricular (BNCC), los enfoques relacionados con la temática africana y afrobrasileña en el área de la geografía. Consideramos la perspectiva de los estudios curriculares, estableciendo una lectura crítica de las competencias y habilidades de la bncc de la educación primária que correlacionan con la temática en foco. A partir del análisis del documento, pudimos constatar que la temática africana y afrobrasileña está presente, sin embargo, de manera irregular a lo largo de la etapa de la escuela primaria. La discusión también es defectuosa y a veces ocurre con poca profundidad, sin avances significativos en el debate. Lo que se espera es que la enseñanza de la geografía africana se lleve a cabo en las escuelas y universidades, posibilitando la deconstrucción de estereotipos y conceptos erróneos que corresponden a la forma de producir y reconocer el conocimiento en la modernidad-colonialidad.
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    Cooperação sul-sul entre Brasil e Moçambique: da (in)segurança territorial à alteridade construída pela soberania popular
    (2018-07) Melo, Thiago Sebastiano de; Oliveira, Adriano Rodrigues de; Barbosa Jr., Ricardo
    This article analyses the South-South cooperation established between Brazil and Mozambique, focusing centrally on the way Brazil has become a showcase for the development model to be transposed to Mozambique. The main objective is to demonstrate the problems arising from the transposition of such a development model, which in its origin is susceptible of several internal contradictions, that have provoked conflicts related to the different appropriation projects for land, water, and the subsoil. This analysis is based on literature review, data, and information of secondary and primary origin, resulting from fieldwork in both countries. Instead of allowing the population to achieve better objective and subjective conditions, such natural resources have become a target for centralization and concentration of capital. Rather than wealth creation, poverty is established. In place of territories of alterity, territorial insecurity is installed. Territories of life are converted into sterilized territories by the extraction of commodities and/or the implantation of megaprojects for tourism that deny the existence of the local populations. In this work, emphasis is given to the need of building development projects that are based on popular sovereignty. Any proposal that is not anchored in the aspirations and needs of its people will be doomed to failure. Without the capacity for territorial self-determination, a population cannot guarantee its popular sovereignty.
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    Políticas públicas e desenvolvimento rural em Goiás: análise a partir do Programa de Aquisição de Alimentos (PAA) e do Programa Nacional de Produção e Uso do Biodiesel (PNPB)
    (2018-08) Silva, Karinne de Pina; Oliveira, Adriano Rodrigues de
    La investigación realizada tuvo como objetivo analizar las políticas públicas para el desarrollo rural de Goiás, que se detallan en especial en los programas: el Programa de Adquisición de Alimentos (PAA) y el Programa Nacional de Producción y Uso de Biodiesel (PNPB). Destacando que los dos programas fueron creados para fortalecer la agricultura familiar y garantizar el mercado de consumo a través de canales institucionales. Aún así, el objetivo central de la investigación fue analizar y comprender su aplicación a partir de datos e información sobre el volumen de los fondos asignados en el estado de Goiás, y el número de agricultores, asociaciones, incluidas las cooperativas y también las instituciones que han cumplido los productos procedentes de la agricultura familiar. De esa forma, se destaca la aplicación de las principales políticas públicas que se implementan en el estado y los efectos de su inserción en la autonomía de la agricultura campesina, así como en las perspectivas para el desarrollo rural.
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    O acesso às políticas públicas de desenvolvimento rural pela produção camponesa em Goiás: resultados para as MRG’s de Catalão e Sudoeste de Goiás
    (2018) Carneiro, Ana Flávia Soares; Oliveira, Adriano Rodrigues de
    Public policies through institutional markets have been backed up the production and commercialization of goods produced by peasant families. In the state of Goiás, these programs were implemented from 2003 to promote the access to the market of products native of family farmers, rural seated people, traditional communities and other groups. The text presents statistics aspects that encompass data referred to the development of three programs of institutional markets (Food Acquisition Program, Nation Program of School Feeding and National Program of Production and Use of Biodiesel) in Goiás, focusing in the Micro regions of the Southwest of Goiás and of Catalão through maps, tables and illustrative graphics.
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    A ocupação do Cerrado goiano pelo agronegócio canavieiro
    (2018-08) Oliveira, Adriano Rodrigues de; Ferreira, Lara Cristine Gomes; Garvey, Brian
    The Cerrado biome has been constituted itself in the main axis of the agribusiness expansion. Since the decade of 1970, the region passed to be incorporated to the capitalist frontier of the agriculture, with a strong intervention of the state through the creation of special development programs as the Development of the Cerrados Program (known as POLOCENTRO in 1975), the Program of Japanese-Brazilian Cooperation for the Cerrado Development (known as PRODECER in 1978) and the Constitutional Reserve of Financing of the Brazilian Mid-West (known as FCO in 1988). The military governments promoted the conservative modernization in the Brazilian countryside, in the way that in the Brazilian Mid-West the main goal of the policies was to conceive the territorialization of the agricultural capital through the transformation of the large estates in rural enterprises and in the implantation of agricultural industries processor of grains, in a first moment, and, then, the viabilization of the basis for the consolidation of the grain and meat pair. However, the beginning of the 21st century is marked by the arrival of a new hegemonic actor of the agribusiness, compounded by the sugar and energy sector which glimpses in natural potentialities and in the governmental incentives the possibilities of expansion of the sugar and ethanol production. So, this analysis focuses in the comprehension of the capitalist occupation of the Cerrado biome in the state of Goiás by the sugarcane agribusiness, the main policies and programs of promotion of the enterprises, as the importance of the water for the sugarcane activity through the discussion of the agrihidrobusiness.
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    Pastagens degradadas, uma herança dos imóveis rurais desapropriados para os assentamentos rurais do Cerrado goiano
    (2020-04) Gosch, Marcelo Scolari; Parente, Leandro Leal; Ferreira, Nilson Clementino; Oliveira, Adriano Rodrigues de; Ferreira Júnior, Laerte Guimarães
    This article aims to: I) verify the predominance of degraded pastures in expropriated rural properties through the agrarian reform policy in the state of Goiás; and II) evaluate the potential of satellite data regarding the determination of the productive conditions of the land. The study presents a comparison between different methods of evaluating pastures. On the one hand, the assessments carried out by the federal government through visual inspection in the field, and on the other, assessments supported by scientific studies on pasture degradation, using remote sensing techniques and Landsat-5 satellite images, obtained from the platform. Google Earth Engine. The results showed that ¾ of the pastures present in the rural properties that gave rise to the rural settlements, had some degree of degradation, revealing that the settlers often inherit environmental liabilities. The results also demonstrated that the use of remote sensing techniques and the methodological adaptations made were able to portray the reality found in the field and that future evaluation of rural properties carried out by the government could incorporate, even partially, the methods presented here.
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    Celeiros da pobreza urbana: suplementação de renda e isolamento social em ambientes metropolitanos nos tempos pandêmicos
    (2020) Arrais, Tadeu Pereira Alencar; Oliveira, Adriano Rodrigues de; Viana, Juheina Lacerda; Alencar, Diego Pinheiro; Salgado, Tathiana Rodrigues; Moraes Neto, Jorge de; Souza, Maria Ester de
    The metropolitan regions registered on March 19th 2020, 85.71% of deaths and 93.3% of occurrences of COVID-19, a percentage that persisted with few variations until May 18th2020. The combination of high density, lack of urban infrastructure and labor market with a strong dependence on the informality demonstrated vulnerability of the metropolitan peripheries, from the point of view of the contagion of COVID-19. In this context, the implementation of policies of recomposition and supplementation of income is necessary to, at the same time, ensure the subsistence of families and facilitate the policies of social isolation.
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    O agronegócio no Brasil: o discurso da fração de classe reinante
    (2021-08) Carvalho, Jéssyca Tomaz de; Oliveira, Adriano Rodrigues de
    The hegemonic economic model based on commodity extraction has subjected the people of the countryside and forests to processes of expropriation and violence in Brazil. The appropriation of common goods, the concentration of land, and agrochemical dependence, make unveiling the ideological-conceptual construction of agribusiness centered on economic indicators that are anchored in the maintenance of subsidies provided by a bourgeois state –which facilitates the commodity corporations’ subsumption of land rent and life –essential. We analyzed the political-discursive strategies undertaken by agribusiness, identifying the hegemonic characteristics and unity of discourse as a conceptual site to persuade society. Finally, we assess the Bolsonaro administration’s ongoing strategies to enable the appropriation of protected territoriesin provisioning expanded capital accumulation via agribusiness and mining.